Subterranean World Heritage List

The World Heritage List ist well known. Nearly 700 man-made and natural sights all over the world are protected by an international treaty, which 52 countries have signed until now. Several of these sights are underground, and we will try to write some comments on each of them. 41 of the existing World Heritage sites contain karst, most of them are in temperate regions.

Country Year Title Location(s)
Argentina 1999 Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas ShowcaveCueva de las Manos
Australia 1986 Gondwana Rainforests of Australia KarstNatural Bridge Springbrook
1987 Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park CaveUluru
1994 Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte) ShowcaveVictoria Fossil Cave
Belgium 2000 Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes MineLes minières de silex néolithique de Spiennes
2012 Major Mining Sites of Wallonia MineGrand Hornu
MineEcomusée du Bois-du-Luc
MineBois du Cazier
Bolivia 1987 City of Potosí MinePotosi Cooperative Mines
Botswana 2001 Tsodilo CaveTsodilo Rock Paintings
Bulgaria 1979 Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak SubterraneaKazanluk Tomb
1979 Rock-Hewn Churches of Ivanovo SubterraneaIvanovo Rock Churches
1985 Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari SubterraneaThracian Tomb of Sveshtari
China 1987 Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian ShowcaveZhoukoudian
1992 Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area KarstFive-Flower Lake
1992 Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area KarstHuanglong
1992 Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area ShowcaveHuanglong
1994 Mogao Caves SubterraneaDunHuang Mogao Caves
1999 Dazu Rock Carvings SubterraneaDazu Grottoes
2000 Longmen Grottoes SubterraneaLongmen Grottoes
2001 Yungang Grottoes SubterraneaYungang Grottoes
Colombia 1995 National Archeological Park of Tierradentro SubterraneaTierradentro Rock Tombs
Croatia 1979 Plitvice Lakes National Park KarstPlitvice Lakes National Park
Czech Republic 1992 Historic Centre of Český Krumlov MineGrafitový dul Český Krumlov
1995 Kutná Hora: Historical Town Centre with the Church of St Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec MineMuzeum s Stredveké Dulni Dilo
1999 Litomyšl Castle SubterraneaZámecké sklepení Litomyšl
2019 Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region RegionErzgebirge
Egypt 1979 Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae SubterraneaAbu Simbel
France 1979 Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley RegionVézère Valley
ShowcaveGrottes de Bernifal
ShowcaveAbri Préhistorique du Cap Blanc
ShowcaveGrotte des Combarelles
ShowcaveGrotte de Font-de-Gaume
ShowcaveGrotte de Lascaux
ShowcaveAbri de Laugerie-Haute
ShowcaveLa Micoque
ShowcaveAbri du Moustier
ShowcaveAbri du Poisson
1992 From the Great Saltworks of Salins-les-Bains to the Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, the Production of Open-pan Salt MineSaline Royale d'Arc-et-Senans
2008 Fortifications of Vauban ShowcaveGrotte historique de Cova Bastera
2014 Decorated Cave of Pont d’Arc, known as Grotte Chauvet-Pont d’Arc, Ardèche SubterraneaExposition Grotte Chauvet
CaveGrotte Chauvet
Germany 1978 International Register of Cultural Property under Special Protection SubterraneaKulturbunker Barbarastollen
1992 Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System MineMines of Rammelsberg
2001 Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen MineZeche Zollverein
2018 Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura RegionBlau valley
RegionLone valley
2019 Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region RegionErzgebirge
Great Britain 1986 Ironbridge Gorge MineIronbridge Gorge Mining Museum
MineTar Tunnel
1999 Heart of Neolithic Orkney SubterraneaMaeshowe
2006 Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape RegionCornwall
Hungary 1987 Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue SubterraneaMillennium Underground Museum ShowcaveVar Barlang
1995 Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst RegionAggtelek Karst
2001 Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape SubterraneaFertőrákosi Barlangszínház
India 1983 Ajanta Caves SubterraneaAjanta Caves
1983 Ellora Caves SubterraneaEllora Caves
1987 Elephanta Caves SubterraneaElephanta Caves
1987 Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka CaveBhimbetka
Indonesia 2019 Ombilin Coal Mining Heritage of Sawahlunto MineSawahlunto Coal Mine Museum
Ireland 1986 Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast CaveGiant's Causeway
1993 Brú na Bóinne - Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne SubterraneaNewgrange
Israel 2012 Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara Caves ShowcaveNahal Me’arot Caves
Italy 1993 The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera RegionSassi di Matera
Japan 2007 Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine and its Cultural Landscape MineIwami Ginzan
2015 Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining MineHashima Mine
Jordan 1985 Petra ShowcavePetra
Lebanon 1990 Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) ShowcaveMagharet Qadisha
SubterraneaMar Antonios Kozhaya
SubterraneaMonastery of Our Lady of Hawqa
SubterraneaMonastery of Mar Lishaa
SubterraneaOur Lady Of Quannoubine Monastry
Luxembourg 1994 City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications SubterraneaLes casemates du Bock
SubterraneaLes Drois Glands
SubterraneaLes casemates de la Pétrusse
Madagascar 1990 Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve KarstTsingy de Bemaraha
Mali 1989 Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) SubterraneaBandiagara Escarpment, Mali
Malta 1980 Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum SubterraneaHal Saflieni Hypogeum
México 1988 Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines MineValenciana Mines
Morocco 2004 Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida) SubterraneaPortuguese Cistern
Norway 1980 Røros Mining Town and the Circumference MineOlavsgruva Røros
The Philippines 1999 Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park CaveSt Paul Subterranean River National Park
Poland 1978 Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines MineWieliczka Salt Mine
Portugal 1978 Cultural Landscape of Sintra SubterraneaQuinta da Regaleira
Saudi Arabia 2018 Al-Ahsa Oasis, an Evolving Cultural Landscape ShowcaveJebal Al Qarah
Slovak Republic 1993 Historic Town of Banská Štiavnica and the Technical Monuments in its Vicinity MineBanská Štiavnica
MineHodruša Hámre
1995 Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst RegionSlovensky Kras
2000 Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst (Extension) ShowcaveDobšinská L'adová Jaskyna
Slovenia 1988 Škocjan Caves ShowcaveŠkocjan Caves
South Africa 1999 Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa ShowcaveSterkfontein Caves
South Korea 1995 Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple SubterraneaSeokguram Grotto
Spain 1985 Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain ShowcaveAltamira Cave
1986 Old Town of Cáceres SubterraneaAljibe Andalusí
1987 Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville SubterraneaBaños de Doña María de Padilla
1997 Las Médulas MineLas Médulas
1999 Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture SubterraneaPuig des Molins Nekropolis
2008 Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain (Extension) CaveCueva de Altxerri
ShowcaveCueva de Ekain
Sri Lanka 1991 Rangiri Dambulla Cave Temple SubterraneaDambulla
Sweden 1988 Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun MineStora Kopparberget
Turkey 1985 Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia SubterraneaCappadocia
SubterraneaGöreme National Park
2015 Ephesus SubterraneaEshab-i Kehf - Grotto of Seven Sleepers
Ukraine 1990 Kyiv: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra SubterraneaKiev Pechersk Lavra
United States of America 1978 Mesa Verde National Park SubterraneaMesa Verde
1979 Grand Canyon National Park GorgeGrand Canyon
1981 Mammoth Cave National Park ShowcaveMammoth Cave National Park
1987 Hawaii Volcanoes National Park ShowcaveThurston Lava Tube
1995 Carlsbad Caverns National Park ShowcaveCarlsbad Caverns National Park
Vanuatu 2008 Chief Roi Mata’s Domain CaveFels Cave
Vietnam 1994 Ha Long Bay RegionHa Long Bay
2003 Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park RegionPhong Nha-Ke Bang National Park
ShowcavePhong Nha Cave
ShowcaveDong Tien Son
Zimbabwe 2003 Matobo Hills CaveInanke Cave