芙蓉洞

Furong Dong - Hibiscus Cave


Useful Information

Location: Jiangkou Town, Wulong County, Chongqing
(29.228904, 107.903455)
Open:
Fee:
Classification: SpeleologyKarst cave
Light: LightIncandescent Electric Light System
Dimension: L=2,846 m, VR=229 m, T=16 °C, A=433 m asl. Biggest room: Ar=11,000 m².
Guided tours: L=2,000 m, V=300,000/a [2000]
Photography:
Accessibility:
Bibliography: Xuewen Zhu (1994): The speleothems in Furong Cave, Carsologia sinica, Vol.13 No.4 / Dec. 1994: 357-368 + 2 pag. with plates (2 tab., 4 figs., 23 colour. photos) (chinese; engl. summ.).
Address: Furong Dong, Wulong District, Chongqing, Tel: +86-23-7774-1075.
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

MAY-1993 first exploration by locals.
MAY-1994 opened to the public.
2002 declared a national 4A tourist site.
OCT-2003 Wulong Karst declared a National GeoPark.
2007 inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Description

芙蓉洞 (Furong Dong, Lotus Cave) is named after nearby Furong river (Lotus river), a tributary of Wujiang river. It is located close to the village Jiangkou in in Wulong County in Chongqing. The cave was originally named Vapor Cave, because the huge entrance gives off steam in winter and cool air in summer, so it is wreathed in mist all year. The thundering sound from the cave opening is the reason for numerous creepy stories about the cave, and the locals were too fearful to enter it. When locals first explored the cave in MAY-1993, they discovered a beautiful cave and decided to open it to the public. Only one year later in MAY-1994 the show cave was opened to the public.

During the 19th and early 20th century it was common to develop caves without previous scientific exploration. Today western nations have rigorous rules for the protection of caves and the development of new caves requires intensive scientific research first. In China, it is still like 19th century Europe. After the development and inauguration of this cave its existence became widely known, which resulted in first scientific explorations. An international team of cavers explored the cave and after five expeditions with a total of 108 days the cave is now surveyed.