Scotland


Scottland has no famous karst areas, as a matter of fact Scotland is the last remains of a really old orogeny. Despite being geologically very interesting, this area is built of crystalline, metamorphic and insoluble sedimentary rocks like old red, a famous red sandstone. Scotland has some tectonic caves and numerous small sea caves along the coast.

The most interesting karst area in Scotland is Assynt, a small belt of marble, metamorphic limestone, which contains numerous narrow but rather long river caves. This belt runs north from Ullapool to the northern coast. Here, at the coast, Smoo Cave is located, a combination of karst cave and sea cave, and Scotlands only show cave.

Other small caves are interesting primarly because of their historic background, like St Ninian's Cave and King's Cave.

Scotland is the remains of old mountains, and this geologic history produced several valuable ores. Mines of Scotland produced iron and coal. Some of them are open to the public now.


 Fife:  St Fillan's Cave

 Highland:  Ardlair Cave |  Church Cave

 Midlothian:  Scottish Mining Museum Trust

 Orkney:  Tomb of the Eagles |  Maeshowe |  Mine Howe

 Ross-Shire:  Uamh an Oir

 West Lothian:  Almond Valley Heritage Centre |  Birkhill Fireclay Mine

 Cove Cave |  Cruachan Power Station |  Dunaskin Open Air Museum |  Fingal's Cave |  Gilmerton Cove |  King's Cave |  Mary King's Close |  Ossian's Cave |  Ossian's Cave |  Ossian's Cave |  Polchar Cave |  Scotland's Secret Bunker |  Smoo Cave |  Spar Cave |  St Margaret's Cave |  St Ninian's Cave |  Uamh-an-Righ

See also


Main Index | Britain
Last updated Terms of Use, © Jochen Duckeck.