Zlotske Pećine

Zlotske Caves - Lazareva Pecina - Лазарева пећина - Verknjica Pecina - Lazareva Cave - Verknjica Cave


Useful Information

Location: In eastern Serbia close to the town of Zlot. 22 km from Bors and 240 km from Belgrade.
Open: APR to OCT daily 10-16.
[2020]
Fee: Adults RSD 200.
Groups (20+): Students RSD 150.
Classification: SpeleologyKarst cave
Light: LightIncandescent Electric Light System
Dimension: Lazareva Cave: L=1,592 m, T=9-12 °C, H=100%, A=291 m asl.
Verknjica Cave: L=1,530 m, T=3-9 °C, H=100%, A=454 m asl.
Guided tours: Lazareva Cave: D=40 min, L=694 m.
Verknjica Cave: D=3 h, L=620 m.
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography: Dr Radenko Lazaravic (1978): Zlotske pecina, 122pp 50 photos / surveys. (Serbian)
Address: Information: Tourist Office Bors, Tel: +381-30-24166, Fax: +381-30-25961.
Motel "Zlotske pecine", 19215 Zlot, Phone: +381-30-71042.
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

1882 first exploration of Lazar's Cave by Felix Hoffman.
1889 speleological research of Lazar's Cave published by Jovan Cvijić.
1953 Lazar's Cave opened to the public.
1959 explored by D Dvetkovic, T Sava and B Markovic.
1960-62 explored by D Petrovitsch.
1965 explored by D Gavrilovic.
1976 explored by Radenko Lazaravic and the Speleological Group from Valjeva.
1976 Vernjikica opened to the public.

Description

In the case of Zlotske Caves the plural is earned by the fact that there are two different caves, connected by a footpath cut into the cliffs. They are called Lazareva Cave (Lazar's Cave, Lazarus Cave) and Vernjikica. Vernjikica cave is located on the left side of the Lazareva reka canyon, about 1.5 km upstream from Lazareva. Lazarev kanjon (Lazarus Canyon) is a sight of its own, with steep limestone cliffs, it was formed by the cave river from the lower level of Vernjikica cave. The eastern foothills of the Kučaj mountain are full of caves, around the village of Zlot 222 caves are registered in the cave registry.

Lazareva Cave has two different levels, the upper level is toured. The lower level contains the underground Lazar River. The resurgence of the cave river is 7 m lower and in frot of the cave entrance. In the cave archaeological remains from Copper Age through Late Bronce Age to Iron Age were excavated. Also the cave was frequented by animals during the Pleistocene, numerous bones were found. The bones of a lion and a bear are on display in the cave.

A legend about Lazar's Cave tells that hajduks hid in it during the rule of the Turks. When the Turks found out they blocked the entrance to the cave. But their blockade was easily destroyed by the cave river.

The Girl's Room was the place where the hajduks hid their daughters so that the Turks would not take them to the harem. The access to the chamber is a gradually narrowing passage, and at the end only one person at a time can pass through. The Turk which first protruded the head was greeted by a machete.

The cave is also famous for numerous bats. 24 of the 27 species of bats in Europe where found in Bat Hall. This hall is not part of the cave tour to protect the bats.

The tour through Vernjikica Cave shows eleven chambers: Prijmna, Kaskadna, Vilingrad, Koloseum, Mramorje, Gotska Katedrala, Dvorana Oruzja, Venerin Ham and Siparska Dvorana. Vilingrad is the largest chamber by surface, 2,950 m², and got its name from the fantastic stalagmite shapes. The guides point out men, animals, flowers and a complete cave family from grandmother to a dog. Koloseum is the largest chamber in Serbia, 60 m long, 55 m wide, with a surface of 2,575 m². The ceiling is up to 51 m high and the volume is aid to be 90,000 m³. It was named colosseum because of its circular shape and ruined columns. The biggest stalagmites in this chamber are Godzila (10 m high), Toranj (9.5 m high), Vecin Sesir (9.5 m high), Minare (10.5 m high), Kriva Crvena Kula (18 m high, 8 m in diameter), and Vavilonska Kula (22 m high, 11 m in diameter).

The Gotska Katedral (Gothic Cathedral) contains a lace of flowstone. Venerin Ham (Temple of Venus) has formations of pure white calcite. The centrepiece is Pecinska Verna (Cave Venus), a 3 m high stalagmite, in the shape of a woman with raised hair. It resembles the famous Venus painting by Sandro Botticelli.