Rákóczi barlang

Rákóczi Cave - Esztramos Cave - Rákóczi Cave Nr. 1

Useful Information

Location: Bódvarákó, near Tornaszentandras. At the border to the Slovak Republic, NE part of Hungary. In the Aggtelek National Park, at Esztramos. Best access from Budapest: Budapest-Eger-Kazincbarcika-Aggtelek (220 km), 20 km from Jósvafõ.
Open: After appointment. [2005]
Fee: Adults HUF 2,500. [2005]
Classification: SpeleologyKarst cave
Light: LightIncandescent Electric Light System
Dimension: T=11,5 °C.
Guided tours: D=1 h.
Bibliography: Szilágyi Zolt (2002): 120 Hours of Despair, Tina No 6/2002 February 2002 pp 32-33.
Address: Baradla Cave, Baradla oldal 1, 3759 Aggtelek, Tel: +36-48-503-003.
Baradla Cave, Tengerszem oldal 1, 3758 Jósvafõ, Tel: 48.506-009.
Info, booking: Tel: +36-48-503-000, +36-48-503-003, +36-48-503-004. Fax: +36-48-503-002. E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.



Rákóczi Cave is located in the spur of Esztramos Hill which is part of the Szalonna Karst, this is about 20 km east of Jósvafo in north eastern Hungary, in the village of Bódvarákó, near the town of Tornaszentandras. Here, iron mining operations opened up dozens of caves and a few years ago this cave was incorporated into the Aggtelek National Park and was renamed Rákóczi Cave.

Rákóczi Cave contains peculiar dissolution pockets, rock pendants and avens ending in spherical niches. This demonstrates that this cave has been dissolved below the karst water table and that warm waters ascending here in the past have also dissolved part of the speleothems. Today, most of the cave is located well above the water table but Rákóczi Cave still has considerable portions underwater. The mineralisation is characteristic of a hydrothermal cave most of the formations are coralloids, resembling grapes or popcorn. Many scalenohedral calcite crystals, some aragonite crystals and moonmilk abound. One broken speleothem shows alternating bands of calcite and aragonite. The cave also contains deep pools of water which are extremely clear with a slightly greenish colour.

The present entrance is an old mine adit which leads to a series of chambers developed along a major fault. There is almost as much vertical development as horizontal development. The Park Service has installed steel stairs and walkways. Electrical lighting is in place but not connected.

Recently, this cave was the scene of a successful 120 hour rescue of a cave diver.

Text by Tony Oldham (2002). With kind permission.