Poole's Cavern


Useful Information

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The entrance to Poole's Cavern.
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An archaeological site near the cave entrance.
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The view back the huge river passage of the cave.
Location: Green Lane, Buxton, Derbyshire, SK17 9DH.
From manchester A6 to Buxton, from Newcastle-Under-Lyme to Leek then Buxton. Signposted.
(53.250231, -1.926656)
Open: Easter to OCT daily 9:30-17.
NOV to Easter daily 10-16.
Last tour 1 h before closing.
[2023]
Fee: Adults GBP 17, Children (5-16) GBP 7.50, Children (0-4) free, Seniors GBP 15, Students GBP 13, Family ticket (2+2) GBP 42.
[2023]
Classification: SpeleologyKarst Cave Speleologyriver cave.
Light: LightIncandescent Electric Light System
Dimension: T=7 °C
Guided tours: D=45 min, L=600 m, St=28.
V=390,000/a [2000]
Photography: photography allowed, no video
Accessibility: 100 m suitable for wheelchairs
Bibliography: Trevor D. Ford, David G. Allsop (1984): Student's Guide to Poole's Cavern, Buxton Country Park, 1984.
Address: Poole's Cavern, Green Lane, Buxton, Derbyshire, SK17 9DH, Tel: +44-1298-26978. contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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History

1580 first mentioned in the book Sidera by Sir Philip Sidney (*1554-✝1586), nephew of the Earl of Shrewsbury.
1622 described by Michael Drayton in his Poly-olbion.
1854 to protect the cave and its speleothem the 6th Duke of Devonshire appointed Frank Redfern as custodian-cum-guide.
1954 cave sold to Mrs J Alcock.
1857 gas lighting installed.
1965 closed due to the death of Mr Alcock.
1976 electric lighting installed and cave reopened.

Description

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The calcite forms thousands of little rims with small pools of water.
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The Poached Eggs, a stalagmite formation with a strange iron oxide staining.

The name Poole's Cavern comes from The robber Poole, who is reputed to have lived in the cave in the 15th century.

The cavern is part of the Wye system, the Wye is a subterranean river which enters the cave at the end of the guided tour from a boulder choke. The whole tour path follows the banks of this river.

The huge entrance was easy to find and so the cave has been used by man since Neolithic times. Several archaeological digs have revealed Stone Age tools and artefacts, Bronze Age pottery and a wealth of Roman material.

The hill above the cave is called Grin Low and it is a fine viewpoint. On top stands Solomon's Temple, a folly built in 1895 by public subscription. This whole area is pock-marked with lime works and lime kilns, in which the stone was heated to change it to lime. To remove this eyesore the 6th Duke of Devonshire planted it with trees in the early 19th century, which has now led to a mature wood of beech, ash and elm.

Right above the cave once a large limestone quarry existed. This quarry was closed and in the 1980s bought by the city council of Buxton. In order to use it as a campground, limestone sand and lime - a remains of the quarry - was used to fill in the craters to level the floor. Nobody imagined, that because of its enormous surface, this limestone sand is very easy to solute. So the water in the cave is very high in calcite and the flowstones below the former quarry grow five times as fast elsewhere! The formations have been coloured by minerals leached out of the lime-tips on the hillside above. These include manganese (blue-grey) and iron (orange). A rather strange formation is called Poached Egg, as a rather flat white stalagmite has a round, yellow bulb in the middle formed from the lime remains. The result actually looks like a fried egg.


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