|Location:||Jagersfontein. R706, 110km south-west of Bloemfontein. (29°45'55.50"S, 25°25'8.71"E)|
|Address:||Jagers Mining Village,|
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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|1870||first diamond found by a farmer named J. J. de Klerk.|
|1871||town Jagersfontein founded.|
The Jagersfontein Mine is a huge open cast mine, and is the biggest man made hole on Earth. If you are confused now, that's okay: it is always said that the Big Hole at Kimberly was the biggest man made hole. But they never really checked this, it was a convenient assumpion and good for tourism, and so they used it and still use it although it is reportedly untrue.
Jagersfontein mining started three years earlier than Kimberly, the mine is the oldest of its kind. The world's biggest vertical man-made hole and was dug using only pick, shovel and dynamite. It produced two of the ten largest natural diamonds of the world, the 972-carat Excelsior diamond and the 637-carat Reitz diamond, today called the Jubilee. The mining continued for about one century, with slow downs during the World Wars. But today mining has ended and the mines are closed.
Today there are various tourist attractions connected with the abandoned open cast mine. Open Mine Museum is located right et the shaft and has a lookout point. Jagers Mining Village is a sort of open air museum of the early mining history. It is errected at the moment.