Свято-Успенська Святогірська Лавра

Sviatohirsk Lavra - Sviatohirsk Cave Monastery


Useful Information

Location: Near Sviatohirsk city, eastern Ukraine.
Open: All year daily.
[2012]
Fee:  
Classification:  Cave Church
Light: electric
Dimension:  
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Sviatohirsk Lavra, Tel: +380-, Fax: +380-,
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
Last update:$Date: 2015/08/30 21:58:49 $

History

 
14th ctyfirst monks settle in the area.
1526first written mentioned.
1624officially recognized as the Sviatohirsk Uspensky Monastery.
1787renovated with the money of the government of Catherine II.
1844renovated with donations by Mikhailovich Potemkin and his wife Tatiana Borisovna.
1918destroyed after the revolution.
1922monastery closed, monks leave, houses used as holiday homes for workers.
1947buildings destroyed by the Soviets.
1960buildings destroyed by the Soviets and replaced by a cinema and a canteen.
1992moanstery restored.
2004monastery officially granted the status of a Ukrainian Orthodox Church lavra.

Description

The Sviatohirsk Lavra is named after Sviatohirsk (Holy Hill) where it is located on, nearby town Sviatohirsk was also named after this hill. Lavra means cave monastery and is given to all monasteries which started with hermits living in caves. In this case, there is a rock with steep cliffs on banks of Seversky Donets River opposite the city. The hermits cut their caves into the soft gypsum and chalk, which created a swiss cheese of caves and passages, with several windows opening from caves in the middle of the cliff to the river. Today numerous buildings were erected on top of the hill and at its foot, the architecture is typical for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church: white buildings with lots of towers with golden and green cupolas and onion domes.

As the building were destroyed several times during the 20th century, there are almost no remains form earlier times. The only part of the monastery which is older than 100 years are actually the caves.

The entrance to the caves is located at the foot of the hill near the cathedral. There is an iron door with a widow above. Through the narrow passage behind we reach numerous cells on both sides of the passage. The main passage goes uphill underground and after 500 steps it reaches the top of the hill.


See also


Main Index | Ukraine | Donetsk Oblast
Last updated Terms of Use, © Jochen Duckeck.