Hocking County, near Logan.
From Columbus, I-270, use Lancaster Exit, U.S. 33 East to Logan, Exit on 664 South.
|Sandstone Cave erosional cave, recess caves, Blackhand sandstone
|none, bring torch
|Ash Cave: L=30 m, H=27 m, W=213 m.
|Hocking Hills State Park, 19852 St. Rt. 664 South, Logan, Ohio 43138, Tel: +1-740-385-6842 (Park office), +1-740-385-6841 (reservations), 1-866-644-6727 (camping).
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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|inhabited by the Adena culture.
|inhabited by Wyandot, Delaware and Shawnee.
|Hocking County organized.
|caves well-known as scenic attractions.
|excavation of Ash Cave.
|first land purchase by the state including Old Man's Cave.
|flash flood destroys bridges and trains in Old Man's Gorge.
Hocking Hills State Park is located in the picturesque sandstone region of southeastern Ohio, a landscape of towering cliffs, waterfalls and deep hemlock-shaded gorges. Rock outcrops are sculptured by the forces of erosion, especially rivers and frost, and form shelters and caves. Such sandstone caves are rare and generally quite small. The park has numerous caves which are rather huge, and there is even a "real cave" called Rock House, which means it is not just an overhanging cliff face, but a passage with walls on both sides. All the caves at Hocking Hills State Park are well-developed in terms of trails and picknick areas. However, they are not at all developed as show caves. This is not necessary, as generally a torch is not needed, and hiking shoes are a good idea anyway in a park with so many interesting trails.
The gorges and caves are carved into the Blackhand sandstone, 350-million-year-old delta sediments of a river. At this point a huge river met the warm shallow sea which covered most of Ohio at that time. The river brought sand and deposited it in its estuary. This formed a layer which is today 50 m thick.
Old Man's Cave is located in Old Man's Gorge, a 500 m long sandstone gorge. This gorge starts with the Upper Falls and ends at the Lower Falls, with many nice spots in between, like Devil's Bathtub, the lookout at Sphinx Head or, of course Old Man's Cave. There is a round trip trail on top of the cliff and a trail along the bottom, a frame bridge across the gorge and various tunnels leading down into the gorge. The Visitor Center is located at Old Man's Cave and is the obvious starting point for hikes.
Old Man's Cave was obviously first known to the native Indians who lived here. Two brothers, Nathaniel and Pat Rayon came to the area in 1795. They built a permanent cabin 10 m north of the cave entrance, both are buried in or near the cave. The cabin was later relocated to the nearby Iles farm to be used as a tobacco drying house. Later Richard Rowe lived in the gorge. His family moved from the Cumberland Mountains of Tennessee to the Ohio River Valley around 1796 and established a trading post. He was hunting with his two dogs along the Scioto River, and discovered the Hocking Region on a side trip up Salt Creek. Rowe lived as a hermit in the area and is buried beneath the ledge of the main recess cave. While he lived here, the cave was named Old Man's Cave because of him. The Old Man's Cave Loop is a 1.6 km long trail.
Ash Cave contained a strange heap of ash, when it was first discovered by white settlers, hence the name. There were several heaps of ash, the biggest was 35 m long and 10 m wide, 1 m high. It is not clear where those ashes originated from, but there are several theories. Some say it were accumulated ashes of Indian campfires, other say the results of smelting silver or lead by the Indians. Another theory says that it's a result of making saltpeter in the cave. An excavation of the ash in 1877 revealed various Indian remains like arrows, animal bones in great variety, bits of pottery, flints and corn cobs.
Ash Cave looks very impressive, and is the largest recess cave in the state. It is reached through a 400 m long narrow gorge, which suddenly opens up. The cave is a huge ledge forming a shelter, 30 m deep and 27 m high, continuing for 215 m along the gorge wall. Today the floor is level and covered with sand. The Ash Cave Trail is only 400 m long and wheelchair accessible.
The Whispering Cave is another huge shelter with a waterfall, about 100 m wide. The concave geometry of the cave does a special acoustic trick: there are two distant points in the cave where you can talk to someone in the other point by whispering and be understood. This so-called whispering gallery is a result of sound waves being reflected and concentrated, similar to a lens. The cave is reached on the Hemlock Bridge Trail which is 2.5 km long and an easy walk. Because of several staircases it is not wheelchair accessible.