The Silesian Voivodeship in southern Poland is the centre of the former German Oberschlesien, today Górny Śląsk (Upper Silesia). The capital is Katowice (German Kattowitz). Located in the south of Poland it borders both the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It includes the Wyżyna Śląska (Silesian Upland) in the centre and north-west, and the Jura Krakowsko-Częstochowska (Krakowsko-Czestochowska Upland) in the north-east. Along the border to the south lie the Beskid Śląski and Beskid Żywiecki (Beskidy Mountains).
The region is rich in mineral deposits, most notable are one of the world's largest bituminous coalfields in the Upper Silesian Industrial District and the Rybnik Coal District. There is also lead, zinc and iron ore mining. Based on a long history as a mining district the are today becomes a car industry hotspot, with factories of Fiat and General Motors (Opel).