|Location:||Finale Ligure, Savona.|
|Open:||All year Tue-Fri 9-19, Sat, Sun, Hol 10-19. |
|Fee:||Adults EUR 4, Disabled EUR 2.80, Children (0-18) free, Seniors (65+) free. Groups (+): Adults EUR , Children (3-18) EUR . |
Formicola V, Milanesi Q, Scarsini C. (1987):
Evidence of spinal tuberculosis at the beginning of the fourth millennium BC from Arene Candide cave (Liguria, Italy),
American Journal of Physical Anthropology 1987 Jan;72(1):1-6.
various (): Upper Pleistocene deposit of the Arene Candide Cave (Savona. Italy), Quaternaria Nova, #4
Roberto Maggi (1997): Arene Candide: A Functional and Environmental Assessment of the Holocene Sequence, Twenty-three papers, in English with summary in Italian. Istituto Italiano di Paleontologia Umana 1997, ISBN 8886148291. Hardback.
|Address:||Museo Civico di Archeologia Ligure, Villa Pallavicini, via Pallavicini 11, 16155 Genova-Pegli, Tel: +39-010-6981048, +39-010-6984045, Fax: +39-010-6974040. E-mail:|
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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The Caverna delle Arene Candide is a small cave which is closed to the public. We listed it because of its archaeological importance, and because there are interesting alternatives to a cave visit. The remains found in the cave are on display in the Museo Civico di Archeologia Ligure in Genova. So this page is more or less dedicated to the display in this museum, not to the cave itself.
At Arene Candide Cave a young male was buried during the mid-Gravettian, which was about 28,000 to 20,000 years ago, a period named after the French village La Gravette. It is locally called il Giovane Principe (the little prince), although there is no evidence for his status or the social structure at that time. This skeleton is extremely interesting. There is evidence that this man had spinal tuberculosis making it one of the earliest cases of this disease in Europe. He was obviously very sick and fragile, and still had a certains rank in his culture, which is proven by his rich offerings.
There are more findings from the cave, especially pottery from the square-mouthed pottery culture. This pottery is much younger, from the middle Neolithic, dated by 14C to the first half of the fourth millennium BC. Between the two periods of habitation is a 3,000 year long hiatus, but obviously the excavation does not answer why. The reason might be the lack of human habitation of this area at this time or just the cave was not used for some time.