|Location:||Candelaria Caves Protected Area. Near the town of Chisec, 10km west of Raxrujá. Central Guatemala, state of Alta Verapaz, north of the city of Coban near the Mexican border.|
|Fee:||Adults US$ 4.|
Daniel Dreux (1978):
Guatemala dans les gouffres du pays maya,
Paris: Presses de la Cité.
B Bordier (editor) (1976): Guatemala, Spelunca, supplement 3.
Dennis Tedlock [editor, translator] (2003): Popol Vuh: The Sacred Ancient Book of the Quiche Maya, 2nd revised edition, New York: Touchstone Books.
|Address:||Complejo Cultural y Ecoturístico, Cuevas de Candelaria, Comunidad de Mucbilhá I, Chisec, Alta Verapaz, Tel: +502-7861-2203, Fax: +502-7861-2205. E-mail:|
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
|1974||explored by a Guatemalan-French caving expedition.|
|1984||Daniel Dreux returned and opened a hotel.|
|1989||land was officially declared to be owned by the community of Muq'b'il Ha'.|
|1999||declared a National Cultural Patrimony by the Ministry of Culture and Sports.|
|29-OCT-2002||land titles of the caves received by the communities of Candelaria Camposantos, San Miguel Sechochoc, and Muq'b'il Ha'.|
The Candelaria Caves are located in the limestone hills, 10km west of Raxrujá where the Río Candelaria goes underground. Reputed to be 22km long, with five entrances, they are thought to be the longest cave in Latin America. Typical passage widths are 20-30m with a height of 10-60m, with numerous karst fensters caused by collapse. One truly monumental chamber is the 200-metre-long Tzul Tacca.
The cave was considered by the ancient Maya to be the entrance to the underworld of Xibalba, and the cave contains archaeological sites. The Q'eqchi' Maya still come to pray in the Candelaria Caves. It is said that the Lacandon Maya (living in Mexico, just west of the border with Guatemala) believe that every night the sun is carried in a basket by the Dioses del Mundo Subterraneo through a long cave from west to east, to emerge again at daybreak. Perhaps the Candelaria Cave is the nocturnal pathway of the sun!
Text by Tony Oldham (2004). With kind permission.
The Candelaria Caves lie in the east-west running Cuchumatán Mountains. The Cretaceous limestone are intensively folded and form a rugged landscape with many caves and sinkholes, covered with dense tropical forest. Most rivers of this area flow into Usumacinta River, which runs north, forming the border between Guatemala and Mexico.
North of the village Chisec the Candelaria River emerges the first time, winds through the valley for a few kilometers and then enters the San Simon Hills near the village Candelaria Camposantos. This is the begin of the Candelaria Caves, a complex system of impressive caverns and passages, located inside enormous jungle-shrouded karst towers. The passages are huge, typical widths between 20 and 30m, heights between 10 and 60m. The largest chamber is 200m long, 200m wide, and up to 60m high.
Between Candelaria Camposantos and San Antonio de las Flores, on a distance of about 13 kilometre, the river reappears six times in poljes or between karst towers, thus forming seven different caves which are all together called Candelaria Caves. The number seven is exceptional, and so it is logical to assume some kind of connection between the old Mayan religion and the cave. Major rituals did actually take place at Candelaria Caves, which probably involved bloodletting and large audiences. The Kings of Cancuén did not need artificial pyramids, they had natural ones: the karsts towers with suitable caves connecting to the underworld.
However, the interpretation of the caves as the site of the mythical Tulan Zuyua by Daniel Dreux seems to be a lure made up for the tourists. Tulan Zuyua is mentioned in the Popol Vuh, the K'ichee' equivalent of the Bible.
Tulan means city, and Tulan Zuyua is the city Zuyua which was supposedly much older and far grander than any Toltec town. It is generally agreed, that it was located at Teotihuacan, northeast of Mexico City. Beneath the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan lies a natural cave whose main shaft and side chambers add up to seven. Nevertheless the Candelaria Caves are dubbed Sacred Mayan Caves in tourist brochures.
The touristic development of the caves was made by Daniel Dreux, a French speleologist and explorer, who explored caves in the area since 1966. In 1974 he participated on a Guatemalan-French expedition and explored Candelaria caves. In 1984 he returned and started to build a hotel. The whole story is rather strange, as the land was probably owned by the state at that time, and he bought the right to use 0.75 ha of land from a farmer. Around the year 2000 he had a hotel with an area of 22ha and controlled 12km of the 13km of underground river passage in Candelaria caves. Living in France, he runs a tourist business, bringing French tourists to the hotel during August and December, who tour the caves and other nearby tourist sites.
The whole story is rather strange, as there is no legal base of his business. It seems, Dreux, as self-appointed owner and savior of the caves, became a little egocentric at last. He did not allow modern Mayan rituals or access to the caves to non-French scientists including Guatemalans. The growing self assurance of the indigenous people resulted in the claim to own the land and the caves. The communities of Candelaria Camposantos, San Miguel Sechochoc, and Muq'b'il Ha' received their land titles on the 29-OCT-2002 and now manage it in co-administration with the Ministry of Culture and Sports.
For a foreigner it is really hard to decide, what the true situation is. On one side, Dreux did the touristic development, brings guests, work and money to the country, and protects the cave. There was neither a government nor locals who did much development, but now"locals" who moved in during the last decade, try to take over his business. On the other side he never owned anything, capitalised on the obscure political situation, does his best to keep all the money, does not respect the religion of the locals, does not allow non-French scientists in the cave, and "protects" the cave only if this does not interfer with his business. At the moment he ignores the legal rights of the true owner and still manages his business as before. We are not sure what implications this might have for his guests. Probably the government will shut down his business in the near future, which could be rather bad for his guests. It would to be better to visit the caves with the legal owners, but we could not find any information on their offers on the web until now. However, foreigners generally travel guided and do not have the chance to decide which offer they take, they have to follow their guide.