Between Kastritza and Katsikas.
From Ioannina south to Anatoli and then Katsikas. In Katsikas turn left to Kastritza. After 3 km at the right side of the road.
From Perama follow road to Metsovo for 1 km, turn right, at Longades turn right to Kastritsa. At the turnoff to Kastritsa follow main road.
|Open:||no restricitions, archaeological excavations not accessible.|
|Dimension:||W=6 m, D=8 m, H=12 m.|
G. N. Bailey, C. Gamble and H. Higgs (1983):
Asprochaliko and Kastritsa: Further Investigations of Palaeolithic Settlement and Economy in Epirus (Northwest Greece),
Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 49, 1983, pp 15-42.
N. Galanidou, P.C. Tzedakis, I.T. Lawson, M.R. Frogley (2000): A revised chronological and palaeoenvironmental framework for the Kastritsa rockshelter, northwest Greece, Antiquity, 74, Number 284, June 2000, pp 349-355.
Galanidou and P.C. Tzedakis (2001): New AMS dates from Upper Palaeolithic Kastritsa, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 67, 2001.
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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Kastritsa is only a very small cave, just an overhanging rock, which was used as a shelter. But it was used intensively during 7,000 years, which resulted in eight meters of sediments dating from 22,000 to 15,000 BP.
The site was used as a hunting station during the summer. The prey was red deer, wild cattle and steppe ass (Equus asinus). During the Upper Paleolithic the place was used for a stone tool industry. The remains are half a million flaked stone tools.
The loacation of the cave was very good for the needs of Upper Paleolithic man. It was a shelter on the foot of Kastritza hill, which is very high and a very good landmark in the plains around Lake Pamvotis. The plains are fertile and a very good hunting ground and the lake nearby provides additional food.
The cave itself is not accessible today. There is a fence around the cave, which does not allow access to the archaeological site. But the small cave is very good to see from the fence.