In the Gorges de l'Hérault between Laroque and Saint-Bauzille de Putois.
|Dimension:||L=18 m, A=210 m asl..|
|Guided tours:||self guided|
E. Gimon (1905):
Une grotte Magdalenianne à La Roque
BSPF, p. 224-229.
Georges Ravoux (1966): La grotte Magdalenianne de La Roque BSPF, p. 239-250.
Michel Lorblanchet (1967): Découverte de gravures pariétales paléolithiques dans la grotte de La Roque BSPF, p. 143-154.
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
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|19th century||excavated by Paul Gervais and Cazalis Fondouce.|
|1905||first article published by E. Gimon in the Bulletin of the French Prehistoric Society.|
|1955||A. Nourrit surveys the cave.|
|1966||a study published by Georges Ravoux in the Bulletin of the French Prehistoric Society.|
|1967||fine engraving of a bovid discovered by the prehistorian Michel Lorblanchet.|
|1979||rescue excavation by Frédéric Bazile.|
|28-MAY-1990||listed in the Inventory of historical monuments.|
The Grotte de la Vache (Cave of the Cow) is located in the Gorges de l'Hérault between Laroque and Saint-Bauzille de Putois. It is located in the immediate vicinity of the caves of Lauriers, Le Maire and Le Renard. It was originally named Grotte Magdalenianne à La Roque (Cave with Magdalenian remains near La Roque), which is a description, not a name. It is es easily mixed up with the cave of the same name near Niaux, and both are of archaeological interest. Unfortunately Cave of the Cow is rather common, as many caves show bovine remains or cave paintings. In 1967 the fine engraving of a bovid discovered by the prehistorian Michel Lorblanchet, hence the name.
The small cave is the only site of the Hérault which conceals traces of parietal art of the Upper Magdalenian. The first article about the cave was published by E. Gimon in 1905 in the Bulletin of the French Prehistoric Society. In 1955 A. Nourrit actually only surveys the cave, but he accidentally discovered Solutrean objects (bay leaf) and identified an industry from the Upper Magdalenian. In 1966 a study by Georges Ravoux is published in the Bulletin of the French Prehistoric Society, with material attributed to the Magdalenian V. A rescue excavation by Frédéric Bazile in 1979, due to the construction of the new road, was able to discriminate two levels of habitation during the Middle and Upper Magdalenian, separated by a sterile level.