Prof. Dr. Karel Absolon is one of the two famous Czech cave scientists and archaeologists. The second one was his grandfather Jindřich Wankel.
While Karel Absolon studied in Prague, he started with speleological research in caves of the Moravský Kras (Moravian Karst). He worked on the systematic mapping of the Moravský Kras, exploring the abyss Macocha and the caves Pekárna, Punkevní and Kateřinská. He also explored karstic caves in the Balkans, France, and England. On of his most demanding explorations was the Propast Macocha, which is more than 135 m deep and the exploration was extremely dangerous and difficult with the equipment of his time.
The most important work in his life was definitely the excavation of Dolní Vĕstonice and the discovery of the venus figurine.
Absolon was rather good in what we would call today public relations. He published his results in a way, which made them very popular, and as a result he found sponsors for his work. He was so popular, in 1961, one year after his death, a new discovered cave was named after him. It is located in the Apuan Alps in Italy, at the foot of Mt. Maggiore.
|16-JUN-1877||born in Boscovice.|
|1907||habilitation, becomes custodian of the Moravské zemské muzeum (Moravian museum) in Brno.|
|1924||start of excavation at Dolní Vĕstonice.|
|13-JUL-1925||discovery of the venus figurine.|
|1926||becomes professor of paleoanthropology at the Charles University in Prague.|
|06-OCT-1960||dies in Brno.|
|1961||a cave on the foot of Mt. Maggiore in the Italian Apuan Alps was discovered and named after Absolon.|
|2000||becomes honorary citizen of Blansko.|