|Location:||Below Standard Bank head office, 5 Simmonds Street, Johannesburg.|
|Open:||During Banking Hours. |
Standard Bank Group Limited, Standard Bank Centre, 5 Simmonds Street, Johannesburg 2001, Tel: 27-11-636-9111, Fax: 27-11-636-4207.
Standard Bank Group Limited, P O Box 7725, Johannesburg 2000.
|Last update:||$Date: 2011/12/13 09:12:45 $|
|OCT-1886||gold discovered by Ignatius Phillip Ferreira and mine started.|
|11-OCT-1886||Standard Bank opened as the first bank to open a branch on the Witwatersrand gold fields.|
|1986||stope or access tunnel discovered three levels below ground.|
|1990||5 Simmonds Street completed and becomes the bank's head office.|
Colonel Ignatius Phillip Ferreira (1840-1921) was a speculator, who tried to get rich in the diamond and gold rushes of Kimberley, the Eastern Transvaal and finally the Witwatersrand. When he found gold, he formed the Ferreira Company syndicate and the Ferreira Gold Mining Company. In the south of Johannesburg he established a miners camp known as Ferreira's Camp, which later became the southern Johannesburg suburb Ferreira's Town or Ferreirasdorp. But he soon lost his share and retired to a farm near Makhado.
The mine is abandoned for a long time now, and was completely forgotten. In the mid 1980s the Standard Bank built its head office on this place. During excavation of the basement they found an old stope or access tunnel. It once led to the Ferreira's Mine and is of great historic importance. The bank has preserved the stope and its surrounding area and created a museum open to the public. To solve the problem of subsidence the developed a new technique that involved caulking the top of the stopes to stabilise the ground. Some of the underground tunnels were filled with concrete and cement grout.
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