Portugal Map
Portugal Map



 Isla Graciosa:  Furna do Abel |  Furna do Enxofre |  Gruta da Maria Encantada
 Isla Pico:  Furna de Frei Matias |  Gruta das Torres
 Isla Terceira:  Gruta das Agulhas |  Algar do Carvão |  Museu Vulcanoespeleológico "Machado Fagundes" |  Gruta do Natal
 Isla São Miguel:  Gruta do Carvão

The Açores (Azores) are well known to the Europeans: they are very often mentioned in the weather forecast as the weather on the Atlantic has big influences on the weather in Western and Central Europe.

The Azores are located in the middle of the Atlantic ocean, right between Lisbon and New York, about 1,600km from the European Continent. The archipelago consists of nine islands and a few islets. The main islands are São Miguel, Santa Maria, Terceira, Graciosa, São Jorge, Pico, Faial, Corvo, and Flores.

The ground is here 3,500m below sea level. The islands are enormous volcanoes rising from the bottom of the sea a little bit more than those 3,500m, and just the summit of every mountain is above the water level.

The islands are mainly of volcanic origin, the caves found here are volcanic caves (lava tubes). The geology is not suitable for karst and karst caves. Still there are some exceptions. Some small patches of tertiary limestone, uplifted by the volcanic activities, are karstified and contain caves.

See also

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