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Classification of Caves


Definition: A cave is an airfilled underground void, large enough to be examined in some way by man.

There are several ways to classify caves:

  1. by the rocks they are in

  2. By the morphology of the cave, the geometric structure

    The discrimination in horizontal and vertical caves is useful only in areas with rather small caves. This caves consist normally of a single tunnel or shaft. In other karst areas with larger caves any cave is a cave system.


  3. by the time they were formed, in relation to the forming of the rocks they are in:

  4. by the way they were formed:

  5. by the age of the rock: This is useful for limestone caves. Limestone is a sedimentary rock and is characterized by the time it was formed.

    The most common limeston formations are:


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