Abbé Henri Breuil
(28-FEB-1887 - 1961)
|Image: Abbé Breuil around 1900.
Henri Édouard Prosper Breuil was a cleric by
profession, but archaeologist and paleontologist by destiny.
Although he was a catholic priest and stayed a priest untill he died, he never
practised his profession.
He is normally called Abbé Breuil, abbé
is the French word for priest.
During most of his lifetime, Abbé Breuil was considered the foremost
authority on Paleolithic cave art.
He explored numerous caves in Europe and Africa, but most of them in France and
His fame based very much on his publications, as he copied and published
hundreds of examples of rock carvings and paintings.
He wrote well-informed interpretations of the significance of prehistoric art.
His principal work is Four Hundred Centuries of Cave Art (1952).
|28-FEB-1877||born in Mortain, Manche, Normandy, France.|
|1903||was invited by Emile Cartailhac to visit Altamira and started making copies of the paintings.|
|1910||started to teach at the Institut de Paléontologie Humaine, Paris.|
|1918||excavated a nearly complete skeletton of a Homo sapiens Neanderthalensis.|
|1929 to 1947||teaching position as Chairman of Prehistory at the Collège de France.|
|1938||becomes a member of the Institut de France.|
|1947||visited rock art sites in Namibia.|
|1948||visited rock art sites in Namibia.|
|1950||visited rock art sites in Namibia.|
|14-AUG-1961||dies in L'Isle-Adam, Val-d'Oise, France.|
- Henri Breuil, M.C. Burkitt, Montagu Pollock (1928):
Rock Paintings of Southern Andalusia: A Description of a Neolithic and Copper Age Art Group,
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1928.
- Henri Breuil (1933):
Les Peintures ruprestres schematiques de la Peninsule Iberique,
- Henri Breuil, Hugo Obermaier (1935):
The Cave of Altamira at Santillana del Mar, Spain,
- Henri Breuil (1949):
Beyond the Bounds of History,
Scenes from the Old Stone Age.
English Translation by Mary E. Boyle.
- Henri Breuil (1952):
Les figures incisees et ponctuees de la grotte de Kiantapo (Katanga),
Tervuren, 18 x 27 cm 55 pp. soft cover illustrated.
- Henri Breuil (1952):
Four Hundred Centuries of Cave Art,
Montignac, Dordogne, 1952.
- Henri Breuil, Mary E. Boyle, E.R. Scherz (1955):
The White Lady of the Brandberg,
London: Faber and Faber; New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1955.
- Henri Breuil, Raymond Lantier (1959):
Les hommes de la Pierre Ancienne,
(Paleolithique et mesolithique).
Nouvelle edition revue et augmentee.
Paris, Payot 1959. 360 pp.
- Henri Breuil (1965):
The Men of the Old Stone Age,
New York: St. Martin's Press, 1965.
- Henri Breuil (1966):
Les roches peintes de la Rhodesie du Sud,
Les environs de Fort Victoria et d'autres sites,
Publications de la Fondation Singer-Polignac,
Realisations des Editions Trianon, 1966, pt in-folio, 124 pp.