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Karel Absolon

16.6.1877 - 6.10.1960

Image: Prof. Dr. Karel Absolon.

Prof. Dr. Karel Absolon is one of the two famous Czech cave scientists and archaeologists. The second one is Jindřich Wankel, who actually was his grandfather.

Image: the vesus and other findings of Dolni Vestonice, the originals at the Anthropos Institute in Brno.

While Karel Absolon studied in Prague, he started with speleological research in caves of the  Moravský Kras (Moravian Karst). He worked on the systematic mapping of the Moravský Kras, exploring the abyss Macocha and the caves Pekárna, Punkevní and Kateřinská. He also explored karstic caves in the Balkans, France, and England. On of his most demanding explorations was the  Propast Macocha, which is more than 135m deep and the exploration was extremely dangerous and difficult with the then existing

The most important work in his life was definitely the excavation of  Dolní Vĕstonice and the discovery of the venus figurine.

Absolon was rather good in what we would call today public relations. He published his results in a way, which made them very popular, and as a result he found sponsors for his work. He was so popular, in 1961, one year after his death, a new discovered cave was named after him. It is located in the Apuan Alps in Italy, at the foot of Mt. Maggiore.


16-JUN-1877born in Boscovice.
1907habilitation, becomes custodian of Moravian museum in Brno.
1924start of excavation at Dolní Vĕstonice.
13-JUL-1925discovery of the venus figurine.
1926becomes professor of paleoanthropology at the Charles University in Prague.
06-OCT-1960dies in Brno.
1961a cave on the foot of Mt. Maggiore in the Italian Apuan Alps was discovered and named after Absolon.
2000becomes honorary citizen of Blansko.


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