La Cueva de Nerja

Cave of Nerja


Useful Information

Location: At Nerja. Ctra. N-340. 4km from Nerja, 45km from Málaga. Autovía del Mediterráneo A-7 (Mediterranean Highway), exit 295 Cueva de Nerja.
Open: Winter daily 10-14, 16-18:30.
Summer daily 10-19:30.
Closed 01-JAN, 15-MAY.
Spelunking tours: OCT to MAY Sat after appointment only.
[2011]
Fee: Adult EUR 8.50, Children (6-12) EUR 4.50, Children (0-5) free.
Groups (15+): Adult EUR 6, Children (6-12) EUR 4.
Spelunking tours: per Person EUR 90,15, minumum 10 persons, minimum age 14.
[2011]
Classification:  Karst cave.
Light: electric.
Dimension: L=4,823m, VR=70m, T=20°C, H=82%.
Guided tours: D=30min, L=1450m, self guided tour. Guided tours after appointment for groups.
Spelunking tours: D=7h.
Photography: Photography without flash allowed, no tripods.
Accessibility:  
Bibliography: Juan José Valsero, Francisco Carrasco (1994): Cueva de Nerja, guidebook English Français - French
Horacio Eichelbaum et al (1994): Cueva de Nerja, Español - Spanish
Manuel Pellicer Catalan (1995): Tras la Identidad de la Arqueologia, Español - Spanish
Address: Cuevas de Nerja, Carretera Cuevas, S/N, 29787 Nerja, Málaga, Tel: +34-95-2529520, Fax: +34-95-2529646, E-mail: contact
Booking of spelunking tours: Fundación Cueva de Nerja, Ctra. De Maro s/n., 29787 Nerja, Málaga, Fax: +34-952-529646. E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
Last update:$Date: 2015/08/30 21:53:52 $

History

 
12-JAN-1959discovered.
1960artificial entrance, opened to the public.
15-JUN-1961declared an Artistic Historical Monument.
1969/70new part discovered: Galerías Altas y Nuevas, the upper and new galleries.
12-JAN-200950 years of the discovery celebrated.
FEB-2012Neanderthal cave paintings discovered.

Description

La Cueva de Nerja (Cave of Nerja) is simply named after the nearby town Nerja. The Spanish name is pronounced Nerkha. One theory explains this name is derived from Narixa which means abundant spring.

The cave of Nerja is a famous archaeological site with 40,000 year old remains. But the paleolithic paintings cannot be visited. For a good description see the text by Tony Oldham below.

A recent addition to the regular tourist tours are spelunking tours. They take seven hours in total and cost EUR 90 per person. Between October and May groups of 10 visitors get the chance to see the upper galleries of the cave called Galerías Altas y Nuevas (High and New Galleries). The chambers Columnas de Hércules (Hercules'Pillars), Inmensidad (Inmensity), La Galería de los Niveles (Levels Gallery) and La Sala de la Lanza (Lance Room) are visited. The day starts with a breakfast at Cueva de Nerja restaurant. Then the the visitors are introduced by cave guides, change into the provided caving gear and enter the cave. The underground tour takes five hours, the visitors get an isotonic drink and energy bars. After the tour there is a possibility to shower and clean the caving gear. The visitors receive a T-shirt to commemorate the visit.

The cave claims a superlative, they say they have the largest stalagnate or column in the world, and proof it by the claim to be listed in the Guiness Book of World Records (1994 edition). Actually we do not know if this is true, and while we maintain a list of largest stalagmites, and a list oflargest stalactites, we do not have a list of largest stalagnates. The speleothem is pretty impressive, located in the Sala del Cataclismo (Hall of Cataclysm) it has a height of 32m and a width of 7m by 13m. However, there is no way to find out if this claim is true, but actually there are stalagmite which are more than twice as high, so we tend not to believe this. On the other side, we find that the speleothem is well worth a visit, no matter if it actually is the largest column or not.

On our internet research we found a rather funny thing about this largest column superlative. There are numerous articles on the web concerning this cave. Many of them cite the superlative claim. Funny is, that none of them was able to understand it, so none tells about the largest column. Most say its the largest stalagmite, a few even say its the largest stalactite.

In February 2012 cave paintings were discovered, which have been dated to 42,000 years old. This makes them the earliest human paintings ever found. And as there is no evidence of modern humans in the area at this time, the paintings were most likely created by Neanderthals. This is exceptional, as prehistoric artworks are generally thought to be made by Homo sapiens because Neanderthals were believed to be incapable of creating art. The red drawings od stalactites look like a DNA double helix. Archaeologists interpret them as pictures of seals, which were a food source for neanderthals in Malaga.


See also


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