L'Espluga del Francolí
42km north of Tarragona, 100km from Barcelona.
From the coast motorway A7 take motorway A3 to the west, leave at exit 9 Montblanc. From Montblanc take the N240 to L'Espluga del Francolí, about 3km.
15-JUN to SEP Tue-Sat 10:30-13:30, 16:30-19, Sun, Hol 10:30-13:30, 16:30-19:30.
OCT to 14-JUN Tue-Sat 10:30-13:30, 16:30-17:30, Sun, Hol 10:30-13:30, 16:30-18.
|Classification:||Karst cave. Conglomerates.|
Cova de la Font Major, Patronat municipal de la cova, Av. Catalunya s/n, 43440 L'Espluga del Francolí, Tel: +34-77-871220.
Oficina de Turisme, Plaza de l' Esglesia, 9, 43440 L'Espluga del Francolí, Tel: +34-77-871166.
|Last update:||$Date: 2013/04/25 22:58:23 $|
|1853||cave discovered by accident.|
|1956||first scientific explorations.|
|1957||opened to the public.|
|1990||intensive explorations increased the known lenth to 3,590 meters.|
|1992||construction of multimedia museum started.|
The cave of Font Major (Big Spring) is a river cave. The cave river disappears inside the cave in swallow holes and reappears in a spring at the surface. This is the spring of the river Francolí and called Font Major. The cave system is formed in conglomerate, which is very rare for karst caves, and it is rather big too. It is said to be the seventh longest conglomerate cave in the world.
The first 275 meters of the tour are dry passages, until the visitor reaches the underground river. We follow the river for 465 meters to the first syphon, in the Sala del Pou de Biela (the Hall of the Well of Biela).
It is often called Museum of Font Major, as the tourist route includes a multimedia exhibition of the Stone Age. Dioramas are showing the developement of Nature and Neolithic man. The museum tries to explain the Stone Age in a new and more interesting way.
The trigger for this museum were numerous finds made in the cave. The oldest remains were 300,000 years old animals bones. Remains of Neolithic man, like carved silex and pottery, are only 6600 years old. And the cave was also visited during Bronze Age, as numerous bronze objects, particularly needles, hairpins, a sword, an axe and a dagger were excavated.
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