|Location:||Puente Viesgo. N-623, Carretera de Burgos.|
MAY to SEP daily 10-13, 16-19:30.
OCT to APR Wed-Sun 9:30-15:55.
Adults EUR 3.
Groups larger than 20 people should be booked in advance by fax.
H. Alcalde del Rio, L. Sierra (1911):
Les Cavernes de la Region Cantabrique.
A. W. G. Pike1, D. L. Hoffmann, M. García-Diez, P. B. Pettitt, J. Alcolea, R. De Balbín, C. González-Sainz, C. de las Heras, J. A. Lasheras, R. Montes, J. Zilhão (2012): U-Series Dating of Paleolithic Art in 11 Caves in Spain, Science 15 June 2012: Vol. 336 no. 6087 pp. 1409-1413, DOI: 10.1126/science.1219957
|Address:||Cuevas de El Castillo y Las Monedas, Interpretation Centre of the Caves of Monte El Castillo, National Highway 623 (Burgos road), Puente Viesgo, Tel: +34-942-598425, Fax: +34-942-598305.|
|Last update:||$Date: 2012/09/17 02:38:00 $|
|1903||discovered by Alcalde del Rio.|
|1911||exploration results of H. Alcalde del Rio and L. Sierra published.|
The hill El Castillo near Puente Viesgo is riddled with caves. Although not connected they are part of the same cave system which crosses the whole mountain. The caves were opened by the erosion of the limestone and are accessible for many thousand years. Many of the caves have been used by Stone Age man, many contain artworks like paintings and engravings. The entrance areas were inhabites and contain thick sedimentary layers with
The 1,000m long Cueva de El Castillo (El Castillo Cave) contains more than 150 paintings of different styles from the upper Palaeolithic. In the entrance region an 18m thick deposit, the thickest known at the Cantabrian coast, was excavated and revealed remains from the Acheulien to the Bronze Age. At the beginning of the 20th century this allowed to establish a complete relative sequence of the European palaeolithic for the first time. Excavated by H. Alcalde del Rio and L. Sierra, the results were published in 1911.
Nearby lies the 300m deep Cueva Las Monedas (Las Monedas Cave). Next to the central chamber lies a small lateral chamber containing black paintings of animals and a panel of engravings.
The next cave is Cueva Las Chimeneas (Cave of the Chimneys). The chimneys this cave is named after are shafts connecting the two levels of the cave. There are some panels of parallel lines called macarroni, abstract figures and also some animal pictures.
And finally there is Cueva La Pasiega (La Pasiega Cave). The complex cave has a length of 300m and shows both paintings and engravings. The artworks are of comparable quality as in El Castillo Cave. It was discovered by H. Obermaier and P. Wernert.
According to a study which was started in 2005 and was still ongoing in 2012, a painiting at El Castilla is 40,800 years old, which is at least 15,000 years older than previously thought. The red sphere was dated using the Uranium/Thorium method, which is more accurate than the C14 method with older samples. Until now the paintings at Chauvet cave in France were thought to be the oldest, being about 32,000 to 37,000 years old. The consequence of this discovery is a new discussion about the origin of the paintings. According to current theory Homo neanderthalis lived in Europe from about 250,000 years ago until about 35,000 years ago. Homo sapiens arrived in Europe around 45,000 years ago from the east and it took several thousand years to reach the western parts around 41,000 years ago. The question is, were those painting made by the first arriving modern men or by the native Neanderthals.
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