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Fürstenzeche

Duke's Mine


Useful Information

Location: Lam, Bayerischer Wald.
Open: All year daily 12, 13, 14, 15, 16.
Fee: Adults DEM 7,-, Children DEM 5,- (both tour)
Classification: fluorite and silver mine in mica schist
Light: electric
Dimension: L=1000m, T=8.6°C, H=98%.
Guided tours: L=400m, VR=47m.
Bergbauhistorische Führung (mining history): D=60min.
Geologisch-mineralogische Fachführung (geological-mineralogical tour): D=90min.
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Besucherbergwerk Fürstenzeche, Zieglerstrasse 4a, D-94469 Deggendorf, Tel/Fax: +49-991-8154. E-mail: contact
Last update:$Date: 2013/04/25 22:57:35 $

History

 
1463mine founded by Hanns Swanser.
1500start of silver mining by saxon miners.
1522Lam was declared gefreite Bergstatt (free mining city). Yearly production 650 kg silver!
1545mine donated to Herzog Albrecht V..
1546mine became public property and was closed.
1690reopened, silver and copper mined.
1732closed again because of technical problems.
1925flourspar mined from the heaps, but underground mining of spar flour failed.
1952prospection for urane.
1962again closed.
1993reopened for mineralogical and geological research.
1996start of development.
1998opened to the public.

Geology

The Fürstenzeche (Duke's Mine) is located in the Bayerischer Wald (Bavarian Forest), which has numerous mines. The geology of this area is famous for numerous silver, copper, and plumbum ores, spar flour and feldspar. The mining industry gave the area a certain prosperity. This ended in the mid 20th century, when the mining technology made the ores invaluable.

The surrounding rock is primarly mica schist. But the adits of the mine cross six different startas with different rocks.


Description

The Fürstenzeche is famous among mineral collectors. About 60 different minerals are found here. Spar flour, ores and graphite are found and the combinaton allowes the existance of numerous rare minerals.

The tour through the mine shows rimarly the mining history with adits built in different techniques and some ancient machinery.

The mine is also used for speleotherapy.

Four the mineral collecting visitors, one day trips to the area are organized. The visitor use their own cars and 15 people are minimum.


See also


Main Index | Germany | Bayerischer Wald
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