|Location:||Ostrava - Petřkovice|
|Open:||Mon-Thu 14-23, Fri 14-01, Sat 11-01, Sun 11-20. |
|Fee:||Adults CZK 90, Children (10-15) CZK 50. |
|Address:||Hornické muzeum OKD, Pod Landekem 64, 725 29 Ostrava - Petřkovice, Tel.: 596-131-803, 596-131-804, Fax: 596-131-847. E-mail:|
|Last update:||$Date: 2013/04/25 22:57:11 $|
The Landek Hill is located northwest of the river Slates and sandstones, sedimentary rock of Carbon age resisted the erosion and formed a low, rounded hill. The sedimentary rocks are, common for the age of coal, often interbedded with layers of black hard coal or rock coal. The seams are between 50cm and 1.50m thick. The layers are folded by an ancient orogeny and thus form enormous folds, with dips around 45°. The layers go up and down so there are upper and lower points where the seams are almost horizontal, before they dip again.
Hornické muzeum OKD Landek (Mining Museum OKD Landek) is also known as Ostrava Mining Museum, after the town Ostrava, where it is located at. This is the largest mining museum in the Czech Republic. This area, formerly known as Schlesien and inhabited by a mostly German population, was devided between Poland and Czechoslovakia after World War II. But many terms of the mining industry and of course the names of the mines are still German.
Ostrava Mining Museum, in the suburb Petrkovice, Ostrava. This is on the site of the old Anselm Mine which was once owned by the Rothschilds. Visitors can go underground and look at the coal seams, the equipment and machinery. The Manager's Villa is also worth a visit as it has a fine collection of mining memorabilia.
Central Ostrava is worth a visit. On 30 dubna [road] there is the fine red brick pit building of the Jindrich Shaft and elsewhere there are the remains of mine buildings and winding gear. The town has paid a high price for two centuries of mining. The castle has sunk 11 meters and is reckoned to be beyond saving.
Text by Tony Oldham (2002). With kind permission.
The coal mining in the area started many thousand years ago in the Stone Age. The hill was used by Palaeolithic hunters and gatherers as a resting place. They left stone tools, bone tools and even a female figuren known as Landek Venus. And in the fireplaces the archaeologists found burnt coal. So they used the coal for their campfires. This is the oldest recorded use of coal by man.
The coal was often mined by man, but only on the surface. And often it was forgotten again.
|Hornické muzeum OKD Landek Gallery|
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