The Republic of Azerbaijan, is a country located in the southern Caucasus at the boundary of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Its bordered by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia and Turkey to the west, and Iran to the south. The modern Republic of Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence shortly before the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 30 August 1991.
The center of the country is an extensive arid flatland, with no underground sites at all. Approximately 40% of the country are mountainous, the three mountain ranges are the Greater and Lesser Caucasus, and the Talysh Mountains. The most of the country's gold, silver, iron, copper, titanium, chromium, manganese, cobalt, molybdenum, complex ore and antimony resources are located in the Lesser Caucasus. Tourism is an important part of the economy of Azerbaijan, but the First Nagorno-Karabakh War during the 1990s, damaged the tourist industry. After 2000 tourism industry began to recover, but the country still has massive problems which culminated in another war in 2020, However, there are no