Tanzania - About the Country

Tanzania is one of the poorest countries of the World, nevertheless traveling may be expensive, hot and uncomfortable. But with its great sights it is still worth a visit.

For the geologically interested, there is the Ngorongoro Crater, the Rift Valley - the biggest graben on earth and the birthplace of a new ocean - and much more. Ngorongoro crater is also interesting for its animals and plants, so is Serengeti and several other wildlife parks and reserves. The archaeologically interested may visit world-famous sights of early man.

Tanzania lies south of the equator at the east coast of Africa, to the north is Kenya, to the south Mosambique, Malawi and Zambia, to the west Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Zaire. The border to Zaire runs through Lake Tanganyika, the border to Uganda runs across Lake Victoria.

East Africa is sometimes called the birthplace of mankind. Many of the oldest prehistoric remains were found in Tanzania. In historic times, the country was first discovered by the Arabs. In 1498 the Portuguese Vasco da Gama arrived, and the Portuguese occupied the coutry during the next 200 years. At the end of the 19th century the famous discoverers like Speke and Richard Burton crossed the country. From 1890 the country was German colony, but with World War I it became British. In 1963 the nation became independent.

Despite its size the country has only 31 administrative regions. However, we have only about ten sites listed, so we will refrain from listing them all. Actually we decided to use major geological or geographical units for a rather coarse structuring. Especially the political subdivision of the two huge islands Zanzibar and Mtangani make not much sense.