Iran is a country of the Middle East. It lies between the Persian Gulf and the Caspian. Down its western flank, from the Turkish frontier along Irak to the Gulf of Oman, run the Zagros mountains. Zard Kuh-e Bakhtiari is the highest peak (4,309m asl) located in the southern part of this mountain range. In the north, Iran has a border to Afghanistan and in the east to India The southeasternmost coast lies at the Indian Ocean.