Geology of Georgia

The dominating gelogic structure of Georgia is the Caucasus mountain ridge, which runs east-west on the northern border to Russia. The mountains reach 4,000 m asl. The country has multiple, widespread limestone massifs with well-developed karst areas throughout the country. The limestone covers 4,475 km², or 6.4%, of the entire territory of Georgia. At the moment there are 1,500 known caves [2017].