Cuba - About the Country

Cuba is one of the largest islands in the world, 1,250 km long and 191 km wide, with and area of 114,000km². It is about the size of England and dominates the Caribbean landscape. It belongs to the Greater Antilles. Cuba is home to 11 million people.

Since the fall of Communism, the Cuban government has taken great efforts to develop its tourism industry. More than 22,000 hotel rooms have been added since 1990. Today the island ha more than 2 million visitors each year. But some countries, like the USA still have their problems with the country. Only members of an educational or humanitarian group can visit the coutry, and there are no direct flights from the USA available for non-Cuban nationals. Other countries do not have this problems, so it is no problem to get a flight to Cuba from Canada, mexico or Europe. Please inform at your local Cuban Embassy for the current

The climate of Cuba is tropical, the annual rainfall varies for different parts of the island from less than 800mm to over 2,200mm. Most of the rain falls from November to April in the wet season.

The island is rather flat, with most of the surface being lower than 100 m. But there are four mountainous areas.

  1. Sierra Maestra in the southeast is the major mountain range with the highest peak of Cuba, Pico Turquino (1974 m asl).
  2. The Baracos Highlands are located in the northeast.
  3. The Santa Clara Hills (max. 200 m asl) and the Escambray Mountains (max. 700 m asl) are located in the central part of the island.
  4. The Havana and Matanzas Highlands are located in the north-central near Havana.

Despite its abundant karst and caves, the speleological research in Cuba is rather small. This is rather logical, as the country is rather poor and the people do not have much time to spend for hobbies. But the extraordinary caves were discovered by foreign cavers during the last decade and so cantinuous expeditions to Cuba are organized, especially from British cavers. The result is a continuous exploration of Cuban caves, and still a lot of virgin soil.