Luray Caverns


Useful Information

Location: Luray, Virginia, 150km West of Washington D.C.
From the east I 66 West to Gainesville, Rt 29 south, in Warrenton Rt 211 West. From other directions I 81, exit 264, then Route 211 East.
Open: APR to 14-JUN daily 9-18.
15-JUN to Labor Day daily 9-19.
Labor Day to OCT daily 9-18.
NOV to MAR Mon-Fri 9-16, Sat, Sun 9-17.
[2012]
Fee: Adults USD 24, Children (6-12) USD 12, Children (0-5) free, Seniors (62+) USD 21, Family (2+2) USD 85.
Groups (20+): Adults USD 15.50, Children (6-12) USD 7.50.
Group rates only with reservations at least 14 days in advance.
Discounts with AAA membership card, Martin's BonusCard, and Giant BonusCard.
[2012]
Classification:  Karst cave. Early Ordivician Beakmantown Dolomite.
Light: electric
Dimension: VR=50m, T=12°C.
Guided tours: D=60min, V=500,000/a, L=2,000m.
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Luray Caverns, PO Box 748, U.S. Hwy. 211, Luray, VA 22835, Tel. +1-540-743-6551, E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
Last update:$Date: 2015/08/30 21:59:24 $

History

 
13-AUG-1878discovered by the tinsmith Andrew Campbell.
10-SEP-1878land including cave sold to Benton Stebbins, Billy Campbell, and Andrew Campbell.
1881the purchase was nullified by the Supreme Court of Virginia.
SEP-188113 arc lights installed powered by an engine driven generator.
1901early air conditioning used cool air from the cave.
1905bought by Col. Theodore Clay Northcott.
1921new lighting system with light bulbs installed.
1936new lighting system installed under the supervision of the General Electric Company.
1954inception of the Wishing Well.
1956Stalacpipe Organ invented.
1968the facilities were expanded and the lighting redone.
1978Luray Caverns became a Natural Landmark.
1983indirect lighting system installed.
1988The Guinness Book of World Records recognized Luray's Stalacpipe Organ as the world's largest natural musical instrument.

Description

Luray Caverns is a large cavern with many speleothems. Some of them are partly man-made: the Fried Eggs are two stalagmites, broken by workmen constructing a pathway 30 years ago. The left behind bases are a chance for visitors to see the inside of a stalagmite. And they show how nature starts to heal the damage by rebuilding the stalagmites.

A strange construction is Luray's Stalacpipe Organ. In the Cathedral 37 stalactites were adjusted to a perfect pitch, the tone is produced by a series of rubber-tipped plungers placed next to each stalactite. It is played from a keyboard looking like a normal organ. The organ was invented and built over 40 years ago by Leland Sprinkle an electronics engineer and accomplished organist.

Also very special is the Luray Caverns Wishing Well. As wishing wells are harmful to the cave and its formations, destroying the cave by releasing metal oxides into the clear cave water, they are usually nothing but a compromise with cave owners (who earn money with it) and visitors (who demand it). USA Today once described this one as "probably the world's most productive". Since 1954, over 20 million coins or half a million dollars, have been thrown into it. As this money is used for social purposes like a hospital donation or a educational grant, this well has a really good excuse.

Luray Caverns was discovered by Andrew Campbell, tinsmith from nearby Luray, on 13-AUG-1878, while walking with his nephew, Quint Andrews. They found the cave when they discovered a small draft of air. Only three local men knew about the cave, Benton Stebbins, Billy Campbell, and Andrew Campbell. They kept the secret until the land went up for sale, then they bought it in an auction for a price of $507.75. But the purchase was nullified by the Supreme Court of Virginia, because the caverns location was kept a secret and the true value of the land was not realized until after purchase.

The land now belonged to William T. Biedler, son-in-law of original owner, Samuel Buraker. But the ownership of Luray Caverns changed several times, until Col. Theodore Clay Northcott bought it from the Shenandoah Valley Railroad for a sum of $60,000. He started a family business which is now in the fourth generation!

In 1901 Col. Theodore Clay Northcott built an air conditioning system into the sanitarium Limair, using the cool air from the cave. Limair was built directly above Luray Caverns, he then installed a five-foot shaft into the cave and a few fans. The air of the entire house was changed every four minutes and, even on the hottest of days, Limair remained a comfortable 21°C.

The visit to Luray Caverns includes a self guided cave tour with audio system, a self guided tour of the Car and Carriage Caravan and access to the Luray Valley Museum. Tickets can be purchased online or at the cave.


See also


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