Cliffs Shaft Mine Museum


Useful Information

Location: Ishpeming, Marquette County, Michigan. Corner of Euclid Street and Lakeshore Drive, 500m south of US 41.
Open: Mid-MAY to mid-SEP Tue-Sat 10-16.
[2008]
Fee: Adults USD 7, Children (13-18) USD 3, Children (0-12) free.
[2008]
Classification: ExplainIron Mine
Light: electric.
Dimension:  
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Cliffs Shaft Mine Museum, 501 W. Euclid Street, P.O. Box 555, Ishpeming, MI 49849, Tel: +1-906-485-1882, Fax: +1-906-485-1884. E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.

History

1844 discovery of iron ore at the Jackson Mine in Negaunee.
1867 Iron Cliffs Mining Company started the Barnum Mine.
15-MAR-1877 core samples using a diamond drill started at a place overlooking the swamp of Ishpeming.
JUL-1878 iron ore discovered, mining started under the name New Barnum Mine.
1886 New Barnum Mine renamed Cliff Shaft Mine.
MAY-1891 Iron Cliffs Mining Company merged with Cleveland Mining Company forming the Cleveland-Cliffs Mining Company.
1919 wooden head frames replaced.
1950 mine modernized.
1955 new shaft called C Shaft, old shafts shut down.
22-DEC-1967 mine closed.
17-SEP-1998 mine shaft donated to the Marquette Range Iron Mining Heritage Theme Park, Inc..
29-JUN-2002 mine museum opened to the public.

Geology


Description

Cliffs Shaft Mine Museum is located in an iron mining area called Marquette Range. It is an ensemble of impressive buildings, three huge headframes which once contained the machinery for the elevators. The mine property and the surface relics of the abandoned iron mining activities was owned by the by the Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company. They donated it in 1998 to the Marquette Range Iron Mining Heritage Theme Park, Inc. (MRIMHTP), a non-profit group with the goal to preserve and share the heritage of mining on the Marquette Iron Range. At the moment [2008] a museum with exhibitions on mining artifacts and photos exists. There are displays of the Ishpeming Rock and Mineral Club, the Ishpeming Historical Society, and the Marquette County Genealogical Society.

The next developments will include a renovation of the Dry House and other surface buildings. The result could be a sort of mining theme park.

The characteristic headframes were built in 1919, when the old wooden head frames needed to be replaced. William Gwinn Mather, the President of the Cleveland-Cliffs Mining Company decided the appearances of the shaft houses were important. So they were rebuilt after the design of the famous architect George Washington Maher. He created two concrete obelisks, some 35m high and built of concrete. As Mather had planned, this Egyptian revival became the icon of mining for the company and a landmark for the area.

While A and B Shaft were created with the mine, C Shaft was added in the 1950s, when the mine was modernized. The headframe was a Swedish construction and contained the three first Koepe hoist systems of the U.S.A.. It was a new construction which was much more efficient, because all cages and the cables were balanced with a counter weight. The hoists were now located directly above the shaft.