As the name says, the center of Anatolia, a typical closed basin at 1,200m asl, bordered by high mountains of up to 3,000m asl. To the south are the limestone mountains of the Taurus.
The carbonates of this basin are covered by younger volcanic deposits, some are again covered by neogene obruk limestone. The typical karst feature of this area are collapsed dolines, called obruk.
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