Jaskyna Domica

Domica Cave


Useful Information

Location: In the National Nature Reserve Domicke Karren. Slovensky kras, Silicka planina, cadastral area Kecovo, district Roznava, Kosicky region.
Open: FEB to 15-MAY Tue-Sun 9 11 1230 14
16-MAY to 15-SEP Tue-Sun 9 1030 1230 14 15 16
16-SEP to DEC Tue-Sun 9 11 1230 14
Fee: Short Tour: Adults 80,- SKK, Students 60,- SKK, Children (4-15) 40,- SKK. Foreign language tour (additional): Adults 40,- SKK, Students 30,- SKK, Children (4-15) 20,- SKK.
Long Tour: Adults 100,- SKK, Students 80,- SKK, Children (4-15) 50,- SKK. Foreign language tour (additional): Adults 40,- SKK, Students 30,- SKK, Children (4-15) 20,- SKK. Foto 100,- SKK, Video 200,- SKK.
Classification: light limestones of the Middle Triassic Age.
Light: electric.
Dimension: L=5,080m, A=330m asl.
Guided tours: Tour A: L=780m, D=45min.
Tour B: L=1560m, D=85min.
boat trip: L=140m
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Jaskyna Domica, 049 55 Dlha Ves, Tel: +421 +942-7882010.
Správa Slovenských Jaskýn, Hodžova 11, 031 01 Liptovský Mikuláš, +421-849-5536411, Fax: +421-849-5536311. E-mail: contact.
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
Last update:$Date: 2014/07/21 08:12:26 $

History

 
1926new parts discovered in the long known Old Domica Cave by Jan Maijko.
1929connected to the Certova Diera Cave.
1932Dr Herbert Kessler discovered the connection to Baradla Cave in Hungary.
1932opened to the public.
1954cave flooded.
1955cave flooded.
1964cave flooded.
1977cave flooded.
1981cave flooded.
1995enrolled into UNESCO's World Heritage List.

Description

The beautiful Domica Cave is situated on the southern fringe of the Skalica plateau, at an altitude of 330 m asl. It is not far from the town of Plesivec and quite close to the Hungarian border. The Old Domica Cave has been long known but new passages were discovered by Jan Maijko in 1926. In 1929 it was connected to the Certova Diera Cave and in 1932 Dr Herbert Kessler, whilst exploring  Baradla Cave in Hungary, found the connection to Domica Cave, resulting in a system over 21km in length, most of which is now open to the public. However, the subterranean border between the two countries is securely protected by a substantial iron gate!

Domica is a typical river cave with oval passages on three levels. The lower levels contain two rivers the Domica and the Styx. The latter river still flows through the cave and continues on into Hungary. The River Styx is also part of the tourist route. The river provides an experience which will make a lasting impression on the visitor, a memorable 140m long boat ride. Catastrophic floods inundated the cave in June 1954. Other floods occurred in 1955, 1964, 1977 and 1981.

The middle level has been opened up to tourists since 1932. Wide concrete pathways weave in and out of the amazing speleothems: The Majko Dome with its sinter basins; The Japanese tea-house, an amazing chamber with stalactite columns, palettes and a stalagmite floor, supported by another range of stalactite columns; but the highlight of the cave has to be the Dome of the India Pagodas, a 20 m high chamber packet with enormous columns and beehive shaped formations.

The cave is a haven for both plant and animal life and is home to the largest colony in Slovakia of Rhinolophus euryale or the Horseshoe Bat. It is reputed to contain over 1000 bats. This is only one of 11 species of bat found in the cave.

Domica Cave is a site of great archaeological significance. Finds, including a fine flint arrrowhead, have been dated to the Old Stone Age or Szeletien Period, about 35,000 BC. Charcoal drawings found in the depths of the cave indicate some spiritual or ritual activities took place there. In the Neolithic or New Stone Age the cave was inhabited by early man. There have been rich finds from the Bükk (Bukovohorská) culture, about 6400 to 6100 BC, including pottery, bones and remnants of a circular building. The finds also included the many bones of the cave bear, Ursus spelaeus, suggesting that early man was not the only inhabitant of this cave, but the greatest find is a cooking pot covered in stalagmite, forever frozen in time.

This section of the Slovak / Hungarian border is one of the few areas where customs regulations have been relaxed and, after visiting Domica, it is possible to cross the border with the minimum of fuss and visit the Baradla Cave  Baradla Cave in Hungary.


Text by Tony Oldham (2002). With kind permission. Date of visit Sept 1973.


See also


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