Banská Štiavnica

Schemnitzer Revier


Useful Information

Location: Banská Štiavnica. 165km from Bratislava, towards east/Zvolen.
Open: Kammerhof: JAN to FEB Mon-Fri 8-16.
MAR Tue-Sun 8-16.
APR Mon-Fri 8-16.
MAY to JUN daily 9-17.
JUL to AUG daily 9-19.
SEP daily 9-17.
OCT to DEC Mon-Fri 8-16.
Berggericht: JAN to APR Tue-Sun 8-16.
MAY to JUN daily 9-17.
JUL to AUG daily 9-19.
SEP daily 9-17.
OCT to DEC Tue-Sun 8-16.
Open-Air Mining Museum. APR Tue-Sun 8-16.
MAY to JUN daily 9-17.
JUL to AUG daily 9-19.
SEP daily 9-17.
OCT Tue-Sun 8-16.
NOV Tue-Sun 9-16.
DEC to MAR [2007]
Fee:  
Classification: polymetallic  Gold Mine  Silver Mine
Light: electric.
Dimension:  
Guided tours: Kammerhof: self guided.
Berggericht: self guided.
Open-Air Mining Museum: D=90min, L=1,300m, VR=45m.
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Slovenské banské múzeum, Kammerhofská 2, 96901 Banská Štiavnica, Tel: +421-45-694-9422, +421-45-694-9447, Fax: +421-45-692-0761. E-mail: contact
Mineralogická expozícia, Berggericht, Nám. sv. Trojice 6, Banská Štiavnica, Tel: +421-45-691-2544.
Štôlna Glanzenberg, Kammerhofská 26, Banská Štiavnica, Tel: +421-45-694-9422, +421-45-694-9418. Appointments: +421-45-692-0535.
Banské múzeum v prírode Banská Štiavnica, J.K. Hella 12, 96901 Banská Štiavnica, Tel: +421-45-691-2971, +421-45-694-9447, Fax: +421-45-692-0761. E-mail: contact
The Geopark Information Centre, Námestie Svätej Trojice 6, Banská Štiavnica, Tel: +421-45-692-0535, Fax: +421-45-692-0534. E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
Last update:$Date: 2015/08/30 21:58:29 $

History

 
1217at least 600kg silver per year produced.
15th ctyin one year 2662kg silver produced.
174025,896kg silver and 582kg gold produced.
1782Kaiser-Josef II.-Erbstollen (adit) started.
1878Kaiser-Josef II.-Erbstollen (adit) with a length of 16,538m completed.
1900Mestského múzea (Municipal Museum) founded.
1927Štátneho banského múzea Dionýza Štúra (State Mining Museum of Dionýz Štúr) founded.
1964both museums united to the Slovak Mining Museum.
1974 open air museum opened to the public.
1993inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage List.
JUL-2003Štôlna Glanzenberg opened to the public.

Geology

The mining area, originally called Schemnitzer Lagerstätte - Schemnitz is the former name of Banská Štiavnica - is a system of lodes. The hydrothermal deposits in the dikes contain a great variety of minerals and ores, the classical hydrothermal polymetallic deposit. In an area of 14km by 5km a number of 120 lodes is known, many of them between one and five meters thick, which made the mining profitable. There were even rare lodes of up to 50m thickness.

The lodes contained a great number of minerals, more than 100 were documented. The most important were pyrite (FeS2) which is an iron and sulfur ore, chalkopyrite (CuFeS2), sphalerite (ZnS), galenite (PbS), quartz, calcite, and locally gold and silver. As a result numerous metals and other valuable substances were mined.


Description

The Slovenské banské múzeum (SBM, Slovak Mining Museum) at Banská Štiavnica is an ensemble of mining related buildings, exhibitions, museums, and a show mine. There are various mining related locations in the area of the town which can be visited.

The core museum is the Slovenské banské múzeum (Slovak Mining Museum), a combination of two museums, the Mestského múzea (Municipal Museum) Štátneho banského múzea Dionýza Štúra (State Mining Museum of Dionýz Štúr). It collects minerals, exhibits on mining technology, ethnography, art, archaeology and has a great numismatic collection. It is specialized on the documentation of the mining heritage of the Slovak Republic. There is also a big exhibition on the the history of Banská Štiavnica and its environs. Further topics of the museum are education in Slovakia, and the history of book printing in the region Banská Štiavnica.

The museum is located in the center of Banská Štiavnica in a building called Kammerhof. Kammerhof is German, as the village belonged to the Austrian Empire at the heydays of the mining. It means seat of the socalled Kammer (Mining Chamber Earls) and was also the seat of the mining board of management. The building dates back to the 13th century and is the largest building complex in the town, designated a national cultural monument.

The Mineralogická expozícia (Mineralogical exhibition) is located in the Berggericht (Mining Court). During the 16th century this building was the seat of the Mining Court, later used by the famous Banskej akadémie (Mining Academy). The Mineralogical Exposition is a collection of more than 400 different minerals, organised by a mineralogic systematics. Inside the museum is also a mining tunnel, the štôlna Michal (Michal tunnel) from the 16th century. The first 75m have been developed and are now part of the museum.

Štôlna Glanzenberg (Glanzenberg tunnel) is another historic mine tunnel, located close to the Kammerhof. This is the youngest mining museum of the country and was visited by the Slovak president Rudolf Schuster and Prince Albert of Monaco. The tunnel belongs to one of the oldest mines of the region, mining started probably in the 13th century, but the first written acount is from 1560. An exhibition inside the tunnel is dedicated to the famous visitors now and then.

The Banské múzeum v prírode (Open-Air Mining Museum) is located outside the village. The underground tour shows the Štôlna Bartolomej (Bartolomej tunnel), which is part of the 16th century mine sachty Ondrej (Ondrej shaft). The visitors are equipped with raincoats and hard hats. Two levels of the mine, at 33m and 45m are visited on the 1,300m long tour. The open air mine area around the tunnel entrance shows various mining buildings like the elevator engine from 1881 and the iron mine head of the Strojovňa Kachelmannov. An exposition presents the geological history of Slovakia. The newest exposition Expozicia Uholneho Banictva (Coal Mining Exposition) shows coal-mining machinery from Slovakia and Czech Republic.

Banská Štiavnica is part of the slovak GeoPark. The GeoPark Information Center is located in the Berggericht. A good addition to the mining related sights at the village is the Paradajs Instructive Geological Trail. Paradajs Hill is an ancient strato volcano, and the 4.2 km long trail explains its formation, structure, and the connection to the mining activities.


See also


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