Капова пещера

Kapoca Pestera - Kapova Cave - Shulgantash Cave - Shulgan-Tash Cave - Capova Cave


Useful Information

Location: At the White River, 1 Km from Kuallomat. Shulgan-Tash Preserve, Burzyansky Region.
Open: no restrictions.
[2008]
Fee: free.
[2008]
Classification:  
Light:  
Dimension: L=200m.
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography: S.R. Rabdullin, M.Y. Sharipova (): Studies of alga in the Shulgan-Tash (Kapova) Cave, South Ural, Russia, Cave and Karst Science, Vol 31 (2) pp 83 - 86.
Address: Kapova Cave, Tel: +7-, Fax: +7-,
Last update:$Date: 2013/04/25 23:04:04 $

History

 
1760described by P. I. Rychkov in one of his historic-geographical works about Priuralje.
1959first archaeologic exploration, A. V. Ryumin discovered palaeolithic paintings on the cave walls.

Description

Kapova Cave is a famous russian paleolithic cave. It has painted mammoths, rhinos, horses and a bison on its walls. The were dated by O. N. Bader to be from the end of the Upper Palaeolithic.

The cave has two levels, the paintings are mainly in the upper level at some distance from the entrance. This fact is typical for palaeolithic paintings and a source for fantastic speculations about the meaning of the paintings.

Excavations revealed a layer with human remains, debris form the wall paintings, animal bones and charcoal. The charcoal was dated with the C14 method to be 14,680 + 150 years old. Among the animal bones were cave bear bones.

Actually Kapova Cave is a complex natural monument with multiple grottos and halls connected by passages on various levels. The walls of the cave are rich in calcite deposits of all kinds of forms and sizes. An underground river is flowing out of the cave and forms the Blue Lake at its entrance. It is named after the blue colour of the water, caused by the high amount of limestone in the water, which is best seen on sunny days around midday, when sunlight shines into the cave and on the lake.


See also


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