|Location:||In the south of Bihor Mountains (Apuseni Mountains). Alba county. 150km (asphalted road) southwest of Cluj Napoca. From N 75 (Dr. Petru Groza-Turda Rd.) turn north in Garda village, 6km country road. (horse sledge in winter time)|
All year Tue-Sun 10-16.
Adults EUR 1.50.
|Classification:||Karst cave, ice cave.|
L=705m, VR=105m, A=1,165m asl., T=0°C.
Entrance shaft: W=60m, D=48m.
Ice content: area=5550 m², V=40000-55000m³, depending on season.
|Guided tours:||L=150m, VR=50m, D=40min.|
Gh. Racovita, B.P. Onac (2000):
Scarisoara Glacier Cave,
Carpatica Publ. House, 2000, Cluj Napoca, 973-98752-1-1.
|Last update:||$Date: 2011/12/13 09:05:54 $|
|1863||first documented by Austrian geographer Arnold Schmidt.|
The entrance to Peştera Scarisoara is a shaft, 48m deep and 60m wide. The hall at the ground of this abyss is filled with ice all year round. The reason for this strange situation is the height of the cave, where the winters are rather cold, and the form of the entrance: like refrigerators in supermarkets, the caves stores the low temerature, as the cold air is heavier than the warm air outside.
A stair of steep wooden and iron steps spiralles around the shaft until it reaches the bottom. This first chamber is already filled with ice. But the most impressive ice structures are found in the second chamber of the cave. With 100.000m³ it is said to be the second largest ice cave in the world. Comparable are only the Eisriesenwelt and the Dachstein-Rieseneishöhle. Impressive are the spectacular six meters high ice stalagmites.
The cave is very cold, the paths are very difficult to go. It is essential to use warm clothes and good shoes. The cave is not suitable for people with health problems. There is no electric light but the warden provides carbide lamps.
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