Goa Gajah

Elephant Cave


Useful Information

Location: At the side of the main Ubud - Gianyar road. Signposted in both directions.
Open: Adults Rp 1050. To rent a sarong and a sash Rp 500.
Fee:  
Classification:  Karst cave.
Light: electric.
Dimension:  
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
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Address:  
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
Last update:$Date: 2015/08/30 21:57:14 $

History


Description

Not far from the central Bali town of Ubud is Goa Gajah, popularly known as the Elephant Cave. The cave is thought to be a former hermitage for the eleventh century Hindu priests. Today it is a very popular tourist attraction the venue for tour buses and souvenir stalls. Refreshments are also available.

As well as the cave there is the traditional bathing pool. The site is open every day during daylight hours and, as it is a holy place, you will need to wear a sarong and a sash. Both sexes should also cover arms and legs.

From the car park a steep flight of steps leads down to a court yard with a sunken bathing pool. This is fed by jets of water from the nearby Petanu river. Water pours into the pools through water jars held by maidens carved into the rock wall. Legend has it that the pools were considered a sort of fountain of youth. Bathing in them was supposed to keep you young. The locals would have bathed there in segregated areas, the men to the right and women to the left.

Overlooking the bathing area is the entrance to the cave in the form of a richly carved archway representing the face of a demon. On either side there is a mass of intricate carvings representing mystical figures. Entering the cave through the demon's gaping mouth which is thought to represent earth god Bhoma, one enters a T shaped cave, which has been dug out of the rocky hillside. These chambers are thought to be meditation cells or possibly living quarters for the priests or hermits. The guide tells you how the mystical giant Kebo Iwa fashioned the chambers and carvings with his powerful fingernails, a feat that took him one night. The cave is dimly lit, and the short tunnel that leads from the entrance suddenly ends in front of a statue of Ganesha, the Hindu elephant god.. A short tunnel to the left leads to an altar holding a yoni while to the right is an altar with several lingga, the phallic emblems of the god Siwa.

Outside the cave there is a small wooden hut containing a weatherworn statue of a woman surround by hordes of children. Carved from a single block of stone this diorama is said to represent the Balinese folk heroine Men Brayut, a typical village woman whose struggle against poverty has made her a saint like figure in Bali. She is also known as the goddess Haiti in Buddhist literature. This fact leads archaeologists to suspect that this cave may well have been a Buddhist site before being taken over by the Hindu.


Text by Tony Oldham (2003). With kind permission.


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