|Image: El Khasne, Petra. By Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900).|
|Location:||Wadi el Araba, 90 km southeast of the Dead Sea. (30°19'22.22"N, 35°26'34.60"E)|
|As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.|
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|Last update:||$Date: 2015/08/30 21:57:05 $|
|312 BC||became Catital of the Nabataean civilization.|
|106||Nabataeans were defeated by the Roman emperor Trajan.|
|7th cty||destroyed by the Arabs.|
|1812||rediscovered by the Swiss traveller Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.|
Petra is an ancient city, carved out of the red sandstone on the eastern slopes of the Wadi el Araba. It was the capital of the Nabataean civilization between 312 BC and 106 AD. At this time the Nabataeans were defeated by the Roman emperor Trajan and the city became unimportant. It was finally destroyed by the Arabs in the 7th century. In Europe it was forgotten until 1812, when the Swiss traveller Johann Ludwig Burckhardt (1784-1817) rediscovered it.
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