Avan Mine

Republican Speleotherapeutical Hospital


Useful Information

Location: Avan, near Erewan.
Open: Speleotherapy: all year daily.
Guided tours: all year Sat, Sun.
[2014]
Fee:  
Classification:  Salt Mine
Light: electric.
Dimension:  
Guided tours: Clinic: D=235m below surface, A=4,000m²
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: "Avan Salt Plant" CJSC, 4, Acharyan 2nd lane, 0040 Yerevan, Republic of Armenia, Tel: +37410-626430, +37410-614391, Fax: +37410-624200, +37410-621410 E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
Last update:$Date: 2015/08/30 21:57:02 $

History

 
1967salt mine opened.
1971Elar brine works opened.
.
1987built by the Galurcial Institute of St. Petersburg.

Description

Avan mine is a salt mine which is still working. This mine is also used for speleotherapy in a subterranean clinic which was built for this purpose.

The patients of this clinic use the elevator, which is also used by the miners to transport the salt. The lift is not lighted, the guide takes an electric torch with him. In the level 235m below surface, the Republican Speleotherapeutical Hospital is located.

The mine is used as a show mine on weekends. The show mine tour visits the same level where the speleotherpy takes place. Avan has two salt bearing layers. The upper layer is between 210m and 270m deep and is mined by underground mining. The salt is used for cattle. This is the level where the show mine is. The second layer is between 910m and 1200m deep and is mined using the leaching technique: water is pumped underground, dissolves the salt and is then pumped to the surface. Here the brine is cooked and the result is high quality common salt. The Elar brine works also produces various salts for the chemical industry, especially for caustic soda and rubber.


See also


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