Grotte de la Devèze

Musée Français de la Spéléologie


Useful Information

Location: Courniou les Grottes, near Saint-Pons.
E80 exit Vendres/Béziers, D64 north, then N112 for 55km. In the village at the abandoned railway station.
(43°28'26.27"N, 2°42'50.21"E)
Open: Cave: JAN closed.
FEB to MAR Sat, Sun, Hol 14-17.
APR to JUN daily 14-17.
JUL to AUG daily 10-18.
SEP daily 14-17.
OCT to DEC Sat, Sun, Hol 14-17.
Museum: JAN closed.
FEB to MAR Sat, Sun, Hol.
APR to JUN daily 12-18.
JUL to AUG daily 10-19.
SEP daily 12-18.
OCT to DEC Sat, Sun, Hol.
[2007]
Fee: Cave with Museum: Adults EUR 6.50, Children (7-14) EUR 3, Children (0-6) free.
Groups (10+): Adults EUR 5.50, School Pupils EUR 2.
Museum: Adults EUR 2, Children (7-14) EUR 1.
Groups (10+): Adults EUR 1, School Pupils EUR 1.
[2007]
Classification:  Karst cave. Marble.
Light: electric.
Dimension:  
Guided tours: D=60min.
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address: Grotte de la Devèze, 34220 Courniou les Grottes, Tel: +33-467-970324, Tel: +33-467-970385, Fax: +33-467-973348. E-mail: contact
Joëlle et Patrick Pallu, 8, rue Camille Robert, 77700 Coupvray, Tel: +33-609-346193, Tel: +33-603-165639. E-mail: contact
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
Last update:$Date: 2015/08/30 21:54:52 $

History

 
1886Bédarieux/Mazamet railroad built, cave discovered.
09-JAN-1893explored by E.A. Martel, Bourguet and Armand.
1928intensive exploration by M. Milhaud and his team.
1930Milhaud discovers the upper level.
1932-1933developed as a show cave by the Spéléo-Club de la Montagne Noire et de l'Espinouse.
1939equipped with electric light.
1939inauguration by the famous French speleologist Norbert Casteret.
1971speleologic museum founded at Gagny (Seine-Saint-Denis).

Description

The Grotte de la Devèze is famous for its extraordinary speleothems, fragile needles, transparent or of white colour consisting of calcite and aragonite. This is why the cave is also called le palais de la fileuse de verre (the palace of the glass spinner). The most magnificent speleothems can be seen in the Salle G. Milhaud, almost at the end of the tour.

The cave was discovered during the construction of the Bédarieux-Mazamet railroad in 1886-87. This original entrance is today a circular hole in the northeast corner of the railway station, seven meters above the yard. Rail workers first poked through the cave, devastating the concretions. But the first real exploration was carried out by  E. A. Martel, Bourguet and Armand in 1893. Bourguet drew the first map of the cave with a vertical cross-section the same evening. Then the cave was forgotten until M. Milhaud and his team started the exploration in 1928. They discovered the upper level with its beautiful concretions in 1930. Subsequently the cave was developed as a show cave by the Spéléo-Club de la Montagne Noire et de l'Espinouse, cavers from Mazamet and nearby Saint Pons. Soon after it was equipped with electric light, and then officially opened by the famous French speleologist  Norbert Casteret.

The yard of the now abandoned railway station is also the location of the Musée Français de la Spéléologie (French Speleologic Museum). Although there is no offical ranking of speleologic museums, they claim to have the National museum. Anyway, this museum is rather big and well done, it is officially approved and controlled by the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris (Natural History Museum of Paris) and supported by the Fédération Française de Spéléologie (French Speleologic Society) and the Parc Régional du Haut-Languedoc (Regional Park of the Haut-Languedoc). The museum is maintained by the speleologists Joëlle and Patrick Pallu. It was originally created by the Équipe Spéléo Centre-Terre in 1971 at Gagny (Seine-Saint-Denis).

The exhibits include the most important collection of documents, devices and equipment from the heyday of French speleology. It was supported by  Norbert Casteret, Pierre Chevalier,  Haroun Tazieff, Guy De Lavaur, Bernard Geze, and the widow of  Robert de Joly. The topics of the exhibition are the history of caving, great cavers, geology, speleobiology, cave protection and local caving.


See also


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