Пещерата МАГУРА

Peštera Magura - Rabiša - Magura Cave


Useful Information

Location: Near Rabiša. 45km from Vidin, 31km from the rocks of Belogradtschik.
From Vidin follow road 1 (E79) 30km south to Dimovo, from Montana follow road 1 (E79) north west 68km to Dimovo. In Dimovo turn west to Kladorub and then Rabiša.
Open: All year.
Fee:  
Classification:  Karst cave.
Light: electric.
Dimension: L=2.500m, T=12°C.
Guided tours:  
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography:  
Address:  
Last update:$Date: 2013/04/25 22:56:07 $

History

 
2009photo exhibition at the entrance showing the murals opened.

Description

This cave is famous for its so-called Picture Gallery, 2,800 years old paintings showing hunting scenes, dance scenes and love scenes in seperate groups. Some individual motives show bears, deer and birds. The paintings were made using bat guano and are located some 375m from the entrance.

In order to preserve the murals, access to them has been limited. Obviously it is rather annoying to the regular visitor, that the most important feature of the cave can not be seen. It is still not possible to see the real paintings on the tour, but since 2009 a photo exhibition at the cave entrance allows a glimpse on the paintings.

Latest archaeological excavations show, that Magura Cave has been inhabited by Thracian tribes for centuries during the Bronze Age. The first chamber, Triumphal Hall, was a settlement of many people. This is also the the biggest chamber of the cave, 128m long, 58m wide and 28m high. There are also finds of the Iron Age, especially ceramic remains. But the cave already inhabited during the late paleolithic (100,000 to 40,000 BC). A small museum inside the cave shows the artefacts found in this cave.

At the place of today's artificial lake was a small natural lake, always full of water, even during dry years.

A grave of a young girl, buried during the Roman times, as the legend says, was discovered on a high platform at the end of the hall. The crossed arms of the skeleton and the two bronze bracelets indicate, that the funeral might be of Early Christian age.

The cave is used for speleotherapy for more than 30 years now. The asthma treatment is supervised by doctor Vassil Dimitrov, the head of the allergy department of the Alexandrovska Hospital. the results are highly successful. Unlike other speleotherapy institutions, the pations do not spend some hours every day underground, but sleep for twelve subsequent nights in the cave.


See also


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