Frauenmauerhöhle

Frauenmauer-Langstein-System


Useful Information

Location: NE of Eisenerz.
From Eisenerz road to Präbichl Paß (1,227m asl), cable car to Polster (1,911m asl), 2:45 walk to east entrance. From Gsollkurve (Gsoll curve) on road to Präbichl 2 hours walk to west entrance. (Kat-Nr. 1742/1) (14° 58' E, 47° 33' N)
Open: JUN to 15-SEP daily.
Eastern entrance: 10, 12, 14.
Western entrance: 9, 11, 13.
Gsollalm: 15-JUN to 15-SEP Mon-Fri 13-19, Sat, Sun, Hol 9-19.
[2009]
Fee:  
Classification:  Karst cave. Wettersteinkalk, Middle Triassic (Ladinian)
Light: none, bring torch.
Dimension: L=20,215m, VR=595m.
Guided tours: L=644m, VR=125m. West entrance 1,435m asl. East entrance 1,560m asl.
Photography:  
Accessibility:  
Bibliography: Hans Hofmann-Montanus, Ernst Felix Petritsch (1952): Die Welt ohne Licht, Höhlenforscher und Höhlengänger in Tragödien und Abenteuern. Regensburg, Verlag Josef Habbel, 1952. 418 S. m. zahlr. Abb., s/w-Fotogr. auf Tafeln u. 2 Faltkarten. (Deutsch - German)
Norbert Casteret (1955): Im Dunkel der Höhlen, Leipzig: VEB F. A. Brockhaus 1955, 1.Aufl. 235 S. m. 36 Abbildungen u. 2 Karten auf Tafeln. (Deutsch - German)
Norbert Casteret (1955): The Darkness Under the Earth, New York Henry Holt 1955. 1st Ed. U.S., 9 Photos & 1 Map.
Address: Höhlenführer Rudolf Krenn, Werner Hofer, Flutergasse 45, 8790 Eisenerz, Tel: +43-3848-2827 (Krenn), 03848-3672 (Hofer).
As far as we know this information was accurate when it was published (see years in brackets), but may have changed since then.
Please check rates and details directly with the companies in question if you need more recent info.
Last update:$Date: 2015/08/30 21:51:41 $

History

 
1820exploration by miners from Eisenerz.
1834first cave map.
20-JUL-1928Franz Rathschüler died in the cave.
1928-1930surveyed by J. Gangl and S. Ausobsky, two members of the Landesverein für Höhlenkunde in der Steiermark.
26-SEP-1929Franz Rathschüler found by J. Gangl and S. Ausobsky.
1930three tourists got lost in the cave without light died.
1930first explorations in the Langstein-Tropfsteinhöhle (Langstein Dripstone Cave).
1931declared a Naturdenkmal (natural monument).
1931Walpurgisdom discovered.
1961Cavers from Eisenerz discover the connection between the Frauenmauerhöhle and the Langsteinhöhle.
1970new discoveries increas the known size to 11.5km.
1982continuous discoveries increase the length to 21km.

Description

The Frauenmauerhöhle is a 640 metre long passage leading through the whole mountain called Frauenmauer. It has several rooms and passages on both sides, one of the most interesting is the ice chamber just a view steps from the west entrance lefthand side.

Altough this cave is not really difficult, it is very dangerous to get lost without light inside a cave, and so several lethal accidents happened in this cave. The dead are good arguments for the certified cave guide who does cave tours today. So this cave is a sort of semi-wild show cave, as it is not developed in any way, but it is guided like a show cave.

The most famous accident in this cave is probably the death of Franz Rathschüler. He was principal of a secondary school in Salzburg and was walking in the Austrian Alps in his holidays. He followed the cave description in a famous and renowned guide book, the Baedeker Südbayern, Tirol, Salzburg, which had an ambiguous formulation on page 552. So he took the wrong passage and fell down a shaft, too deep to get out without help. He wrote his last thoughts into his diary, which was found more than a year later.

Only one year later, a group of three tourists with poor light were trapped in the cave. When the light went out they followed the cave wall to get out of the cave, now and then igniting a match, the last light source they had left. This is normally a good idea, but this cave has a so-called circle passage, which simply means the passage bifurcates, and following the wall of the huge pilar in the middle means that you make circles indefinitely. A good idea would have been to change to the opposite wall, after they did not reach the exit after some time. But as they could not see, they did not notice that they were going the same passage on and on. They were found after weeks, the legend tells only skeletons were found and burnt matches along the wall of the pilar. Today a set of crucifixes marks the place.

This classical part of the cave, a 640m long through passage, is only a small part of the cave system. It is the longest cave system in the Hochschwab massive and more than 21km long. The whole system is called Frauenmauer-Langstein-Cavesystem, as those two caves were originally explored independently. It has seven entrances all over the mountain range and covers an area of 1.2km from east to west and 1.5km from north to south. Many parts are really huge, especially the area around the Walpurgisdom. The cave has a passage pointing to nearby Langstein-Eishöhle (Langstein Ice Cave), but a connection has not yet been discovered.


See also


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